How was the music in the 1970s
Music history of the 70s
The 1970s were a decade full of contrasts and sometimes a certain lack of orientation: disco and punk, jazz and folk,Bat andKrautrock and - very popular - "Degradation" and "AC / DC“, Everything existed side by side. Lots of great pop stars of the 1970s - like Abba,Neil Diamond, Rod Stewart, Elton John, Queen orFleetwood Mac, Eric Burdon - have shaped the music scene for generations up to the present day and are today one of the eternal classics of pop heaven.
The 1970s began musically with the end of an era that had shaped and changed the youth scene. At theApril 10, 1970 gavePaul McCartney officially the dissolution of the "Beatles" known. In April he released his first solo album “McCartney” and in May “Let It Be”, the last joint album of the “Fab Four“.
However, the Beatles came in 1970 in Great Britain with "Let It Be" only in second place in the international Charts. First place went to “Bridge Over Troubled Water” by the US pop duo Simon & Garfunkel - It led the charts for 33 weeks and stayed in the top ten for almost three years. In Germany the album was at number one for 18 weeks and in the USA for ten weeks. "Bridge Over Troubled Water" has sold around 25 million times worldwide. But Simon & Garfunkel also split up after this mega-success.
And there was in 1970 further farewells to legendary pop greats of the “drugs, rock & roll scene”: guitar virtuosoJimi Hendrix andJanis Joplin died as did Jim Morrison of the Doors. Other stars from the 1960s, on the other hand, were in top creative shape, including theRolling Stones with “Sticky Fingers” and “Exile On Main Street” or The Who with "Who's Next".
In addition, progressive rock groups shaped the sound of the early 1970s:Emerson, Lake & Palmer, genesis or Yes and of course the groupPink Floyd with their songs "Dark Side of the Moon" (1973) and "Wish You Where Here" (1975) topped the charts and stayed there for years. Hard rock bands also filled all major stadiums in the world with their bombastic sound in the 1970s. Among them Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple orBlack Sabbath and later AC / DC.
Miles Davis achieved a highlight in the jazz-rock category with “Bitches Brew” in 1970. The rock band Santana mixed Latino rock with jazz elements and also the band's early hits Chicago was influenced by jazz rock before later adapting to the softer mainstream sounds.
The glitter and glam rock of the 1970s, the music and Fashion equally influenced. Outfit and appearances were bright and colorful. Well-known protagonists were among othersDavid Bowie, Roxy Music with Bryan Ferry, Joy Division orT.Rex WithMarc Bolan. Sometimes with an androgynous and homoerotic touch, unusual glitter costumes and made-up faces were the trademarks of the artists of this genre. Later swam on this wave as well Alice Cooper, Suzie Quatro, Sweet orSlade successful with.
Folk musicians like Bob Dylan and Neil Young were still very popular and paved the way for folk rock like him fromDon McLean, Gordon Lightfoot or Ralph McTell. This style also gave the songwriting scene in Germany a tailwind:Hannes Wader, Wolf Biermann orReinhard Mey and others were able to win many fans for their open air performances and filled large halls as well as small clubs. At the same time, the German hit also experienced a heyday - Thomas Heck with his ZDF hit parade was cult. Peter Maffay began his career here, as did Jürgen Markus and Chris Roberts.
A special skirt variant of the 1970s was the krautrock, which flourished somewhat in secret. But the Bands from the 70s like Kraftwerk or Tangerine Dream have shaped many generations of musicians with their sound, also far beyond their home borders. With the disco sound, produced by Frank Farian - partly with Giorgio Moroder - groups like Boney M. or Silver Convention as well as the disco queen Donna Summer in the worldwide charts.
The Bee Gees - already known from the 1960s - provided the absolute climax of the worldwide disco wave with a furious comeback. Disco music originally developed in the United States in the mid-1970s. The roots were in black funk & soul. Outstanding performers from the early days were among othersJames Brownwho have favourited Temptations, Kool & The Gang or Earth, Wind & Fire. The disco sound became a real mass movement with the sound track of the Bee Gees to the John Travolta film "Saturday Night Fever" in 1977.
As an alternative to the mainstream pop and disco wave, but also to the super groups of rock and the hippie era, the punk scene developed from the middle of the decade. Sex pistols orThe clash caused some scandal with their provocative appearances and outfits. "No Future" was the slogan that summed up the frustration of the followers. Only "reggae" found favor with the punks, as it was also the musical expression of an oppressed social class. Undisputed King ofreggae wasBob Marleywho made his Rastafarian music from Jamaica brought to Great Britain and from there began its worldwide triumphal march. The New Wave movement developed from the reggae and punk scene at the end of the 1970s - with Talking Heads, Blondie and others, among others Patti Smith. During this time they laid the foundations for their success in the 1980s.
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