What is the hybridization of KMnO4

Chemical bond and structure

Chemistry pp 69-114 | Cite as

  • Peter Kurzweil
First Online:


Chapter 5 bridges the gap between chemistry and materials engineering: chemical bonds in theory and practice, intermolecular forces from hydrogen bonds to biopolymers, coordination compounds including hybridization model and ligand field theory, structure and description of crystals and structures, phase diagrams and alloys, ceramics, composite materials, exercises with solutions. The text is aimed at students of the natural sciences and engineering at technical colleges and universities; the sections, which are intended as a revision course, are also useful for learners in upper secondary school and at technical colleges for laboratory professions who fundamentally deal with the subject of chemical bonds and would like to recognize technical applications of this knowledge.

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Why build bridges from reinforced concrete, planes from titanium alloys, cutting tools from hardened steel, and chemical-resistant seals from fluoropolymers? The structure of matter explains these questions.

The chemical bond describes the cohesion of atoms in molecules and crystal lattices, as well as their spatial shape (structure). Metal, ion and atom bonds explain very different material properties. Most of the chemical elements come in the form of links in front. Few - like gold, silver, sulfur, carbon - step elementary (dignified) on. In the chemical compounds the element atoms lose their original properties.

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© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1. MBUTOTH Amberg-Weiden MBUTAmbergGermany