What are the top 10 diet plans
Expert ranking: These are the 10 best diets of 2019
A panel of 23 experts classified a total of 41 diets according to various criteria, including safety, practicability, prevention or control of diabetes and heart disease, and effectiveness in losing weight.
According to the experts, some of the worst diets include some trend diets such as Keto or Whole30 - this is mainly due to their extremely restrictive concepts.
But not all diets performed badly in the ranking, some are rated as recommendable.
According to the experts, the following ten diets are the best for anyone looking to declare war on their extra pounds in 2019.
6th place: Ornish Diet
The Ornish Diet developed by Dr. Dean Ornish relies on whole grains, fruits and vegetables. The diet is also low in fat and dispenses with animal protein and refined carbohydrates.
The diet received a "mixed response" from the panel of experts, according to the U.S. News & World report.
Although the concept has been rated as one of the best diets for heart health, research shows that people find it difficult to stick to diets like Ornish because they require very little fat.
6th place: The Nordic diet
The Nordic diet also comes in sixth on the list.
Developed by nutritionists at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, it is based on ten key concepts, which include eating seafood and whole grains.
In addition, one should only consume high quality meat in the diet and eat less meat overall. Whenever possible, organic and seasonal products should also be used.
Another key concept of diet is to eat mostly homemade food - and to reduce food waste.
The diet was rated highly by the experts in terms of safety and nutrient supply. Your shortcoming: Finding and preparing seasonal foods can be time-consuming.
5th place: TLC
The TLC diet was developed by experts from the US National Institutes of Health. She is committed to healthy lifestyle changes and focuses on lowering cholesterol levels.
People who follow this diet consume less saturated fat and limit foods like butter, cheese, or red meat.
Instead, fruits, vegetables, chicken, fish, grains, and low-fat dairy products are on the table.
5th place: Volumetrics
The TLC diet shares fifth place with "Volumetrics", a weight loss concept that was developed by nutrition professor Barbara Penns at Penn State University.
Food is divided into four categories based on their calorie density.
Category one includes, for example, non-starchy fruits and vegetables, soup, and non-fat milk.
Category two, on the other hand, includes starchy fruits and vegetables, muesli, low-fat meat and legumes.
The third category includes other types of meat, cheese, bread, salad dressing, ice cream and cakes.
And category four includes crackers, chips, chocolates, cookies, nuts, butter and oil, among other things.
No foods are strictly forbidden in the diet, but foods from categories one and two are mainly recommended.
Those who stick to the concept should also limit the portion sizes of food in category three and only eat a few items from category four.
Volumetrics received high ratings for safety and nutrient supply in the ranking and, according to the panel of experts, is also one of the best diets for diabetes.
5th place: Mayo-Klinic diet
In 2018, the Mayo Clinic Diet was ranked eighth by the panel of experts; this year, together with the two nutritional concepts just mentioned, it ranks fifth.
The diet has two phases: "Lose It!" And "Live it!". The former is more restrictive and focuses on changing eating habits. For example, it is taboo to eat while watching TV and snack on anything other than fruits and vegetables.
The second phase is about adopting healthy eating habits that can be implemented in the long term. The focus is then on fruits and vegetables, whole grain products, legumes, nuts and healthy fats.
The diet is based on a specially developed food pyramid that places fruit and vegetables on the most important level.
4th place: Weight Watchers
Health and wellness company WW (formerly Weight Watchers) came fourth in the 2019 rankings and was rated by the panel as the best diet for weight loss.
WW participants translate calories, sugars, proteins and saturated fats into a points system that encourages them to eat more nutritious foods.
The makers emphasize that they rely on flexibility instead of restrictions.
Participants can meet with coaches who are not medical professionals on a regular basis during the diet.
The panel of experts praised the plan for the positive group dynamics and for the fact that fruit and vegetables form the basis, but there is no lack of variety.
4th place: MIND
This plan is a hybrid version of the Mediterranean Diet and DASH (more on this below). MIND focuses on foods that have a positive effect on the brain.
According to initial studies, the concept can help reduce the risk of mental decline.
The diet staple foods include berries, olive oil, whole grains, nuts, salads, beans, and fish.
MIND was developed by Martha Clare Morris, a nutritional epidemiologist at Rush University Medical Center.
3rd place: flexible nutrition
For the second year in a row, the experts placed the flexitarian diet in third place.
Flexitarians - a mixture of words that combines “flexible” and “vegetarian” - eat a diet in which less meat is eaten but not completely avoided.
In addition, protein-rich foods such as tofu, eggs, nuts and beans are added to the diet.
The idea behind this is that you can take advantage of some of the benefits of being vegetarian but have a less restrictive diet.
This flexibility makes the diet more sustainable, according to the panel of experts, which also gave the flexitarian diet good ratings in terms of balance, long-term weight loss and heart health.
2nd place: DASH diet
DASH is an eating behavior endorsed and promoted by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute that is designed to help combat hypertension.
While it was specifically designed to help manage high blood pressure, experts also believe DASH is a great choice for improving overall health.
Eight years in a row, diet topped the US News & World Report rankings. This year it fell by one place to second.
DASH is based on fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and low-fat dairy products. Sweets, sugar-sweetened drinks and foods with a high saturated fat content are reduced.
Those who stick to the concept must also limit their sodium consumption to a maximum of 2300 milligrams per day.
The panel of experts gave DASH a very good rating in terms of safety and nutrient supply. The diet is also one of the best diets for heart health and diabetes.
1st place: The Mediterranean Diet
In 2019, the Mediterranean diet tops the list. The reason is research linking them to longer and healthier lives, Angela Haupt, deputy editor-in-chief for health at US News & World Report, told USA Today.
"The diet is seen as healthy, balanced and wholesome," it said.
The Mediterranean Diet is based on foods eaten in Mediterranean countries, where people generally live longer and have fewer cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
The Mediterranean diet is usually high in fruits, vegetables, fish, whole grains, legumes, and olive oil. Dairy products and poultry are in moderation and red meat and sweets are only occasionally available.
Studies have linked the concept to health benefits such as lower risk of heart disease and breast cancer. Some studies also suggest that the diet could also keep you mentally fit.
The members of the expert panel therefore gave it “consistently positive ratings”.
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