Is Lorde's song Perfect Places about drugs

601 of the supplements to the stenographic minutes of the National Council XXI. GP

Printed on June 7, 2001

Government bill

 

Convention (No. 182) on the Prohibition and Immediate Action to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labor

 

Recommendation (No. 190) on the Prohibition and Immediate Action to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labor

Convention 182

CONVENTION CONCERNING THE PROHIBITION AND IMMEDIATE ACTION FOR THE ELIMINATION OF THE WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOR

The General Conference of the International Labor Organization,

Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labor Office, and having met in its 87th Session on June 1, 1999, and

Considering the need to adopt new instruments for the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor, as the main priority for national and international action, including international cooperation and assistance, to complement the Convention and the Recommendation concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment , 1973, which remain fundamental instruments on child labor, and

Considering that the effective elimination of the worst forms of child labor requires immediate and comprehensive action, taking into account the importance of free basic education and the need to remove the children concerned from all such work and to provide for their rehabilitation and social integration while addressing the needs of their families, and

Recalling the resolution concerning the elimination of child labor adopted by the International Labor Conference at its 83rd Session in 1996, and

Recognizing that child labor is to a great extent caused by poverty and that the long-term solution lies in sustained economic growth leading to social progress, in particular poverty alleviation and universal education, and

Recalling the Convention on the Rights of the Child adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on November 20, 1989, and

Recalling the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its Follow-up, adopted by the International Labor Conference at its 86th Session in 1998, and

Recalling that some of the worst forms of child labor are covered by other international instruments, in particular the Forced Labor Convention, 1930, and the United Nations Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery, 1956, and

Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to child labor, which is the fourth item on the agenda of the session, and

Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international Convention;

adopts this seventeenth day of June of the year one thousand nine hundred and ninety-nine the following Convention, which may be cited as the Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention, 1999.

Article 1

Each member which ratifies this Convention shall take immediate and effective measures to secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor as a matter of urgency.

Article 2

For the purposes of this Convention, the term “child” shall apply to all persons under the age of 18.

Article 3

For the purposes of this Convention, the term “the worst forms of child labor” comprises:

(a) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labor, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict;

(b) the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances;

(c) the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs as defined in the relevant international treaties;

(d) work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children.

Article 4

1. The types of work referred to under Article 3 (d) shall be determined by national laws or regulations or by the competent authority, after consultation with the organizations of employers and workers concerned, taking into consideration relevant international standards, in particular Paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Worst Forms of Child Labor Recommendation, 1999.

2. The competent authority, after consultation with the organizations of employers and workers concerned, shall identify where the types of work so determined exist.

3. The list of the types of work determined under paragraph 1 of this Article shall be periodically examined and revised as necessary, in consultation with the organizations of employers and workers concerned.

Article 5

Each member shall, after consultation with employers ’and workers’ organizations, establish or designate appropriate mechanisms to monitor the implementation of the provisions giving effect to this Convention.

Article 6

1. Each member shall design and implement programs of action to eliminate as a priority the worst forms of child labor.

2. Such programs of action shall be designed and implemented in consultation with relevant government institutions and employers ’and workers’ organizations, taking into consideration the views of other concerned groups as appropriate.

Article 7

1. Each Member shall take all necessary measures to ensure the effective implementation and enforcement of the provisions giving effect to this Convention including the provision and application of penal sanctions or, as appropriate, other sanctions.

2. Each Member shall, taking into account the importance of education in eliminating child labor, take effective and time-bound measures to:

(a) prevent the engagement of children in the worst forms of child labor;

(b) provide the necessary and appropriate direct assistance for the removal of children from the worst forms of child labor and for their rehabilitation and social integration;

(c) ensure access to free basic education, and, wherever possible and appropriate, vocational training, for all children removed from the worst forms of child labor;

(d) identify and reach out to children at special risk; other

(e) take account of the special situation of girls.

3. Each member shall designate the competent authority responsible for the implementation of the provisions giving effect to this Convention.

Article 8

Members shall take appropriate steps to assist one another in giving effect to the provisions of this Convention through enhanced international cooperation and / or assistance including support for social and economic development, poverty eradication programs and universal education.

Article 9

The formal ratifications of this Convention shall be communicated to the Director-General of the International Labor Office for registration.

Article 10

1. This Convention shall be binding only upon those Members of the International Labor Organization whose ratifications have been registered with the Director-General of the International Labor Office.

2. It shall come into force 12 months after the date on which the ratifications of two members have been registered with the Director-General.

3. Thereafter, this Convention shall come into force for any member 12 months after the date on which its ratification has been registered.

Article 11

1. A Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it after the expiration of ten years from the date on which the Convention first comes into force, by an act communicated to the Director-General of the International Labor Office for registration. Such denunciation shall not take effect until one year after the date on which it is registered.

2. Each Member which has ratified this Convention and which does not, within the year following the expiration of the period of ten years mentioned in the preceding paragraph, exercise the right of denunciation provided for in this Article, will be bound for another period of ten years and, thereafter, may denounce this Convention at the expiration of each period of ten years under the terms provided for in this article.

Article 12

1. The Director-General of the International Labor Office shall notify all Members of the International Labor Organization of the registration of all ratifications and acts of denunciation communicated by the Members of the Organization.

2. When notifying the Members of the Organization of the registration of the second ratification, the Director ‑ General shall draw the attention of the Members of the Organization to the date upon which the Convention shall come into force.

Article 13

The Director ‑ General of the International Labor Office shall communicate to the Secretary ‑ General of the United Nations, for registration in accordance with article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations, full particulars of all ratifications and acts of denunciation registered by the Director‑ General in accordance with the provisions of the preceding Articles.

Article 14

At such times as it may consider necessary, the Governing Body of the International Labor Office shall present to the General Conference a report on the working of this Convention and shall examine the desirability of placing on the agenda of the Conference the question of its revision in whole or in part.

Article 15

1. Should the Conference adopt a new Convention revising this Convention in whole or in part, then, unless the new Convention otherwise provides -

(a) the ratification by a Member of the new revising Convention shall ipso jure involve the immediate denunciation of this Convention, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 11 above, if and when the new revising Convention shall have come into force;

(b) as from the date when the new revising Convention comes into force, this Convention shall cease to be open to ratification by the members.

2. This Convention shall in any case remain in force in its actual form and content for those Members which have ratified it but have not ratified the revising Convention.

Article 16

The English and French versions of the text of this Convention are equally authoritative.

Convention 182

CONVENTION CONCERNANT L’INTERDICTION DES PIRES FORMES DE TRAVAIL DES ENFANTS ET L’ACTION IMMÉDIATE EN VUE DE LEUR ÉLIMINATION

La Conference générale de l’Organisation internationale du Travail,

Convoquée à Genève par le Conseil d’administration du Bureau international du Travail, et s’y étant réunie le 1er juin 1999, en sa quatre-vingt-septième session;

Considérant la nécessité d'adopter de nouveaux instruments visant l'interdiction et l'élimination des pires formes de travail des enfants en tant que priorité majeure de l'action nationale et international, notamment de la coopération et de l'assistance internationales, pouréter la convention et la recommandation concernant l'âge minimum d'admission à l'emploi, 1973, qui demeurent des instruments fondamentaux en ce qui concerne le travail des enfants;

Considérant que l'élimination effective des pires formes de travail des enfants exige une action d'ensemble immédiate, qui tienne compte de l'importance d'une éducation de base gratuite et de la nécessité de soustraire de toutes ces formes de travail les enfants concernés et d'assurer leur réadaptation et leur intégration sociale, tout en prenant en considération les besoins de leurs familles;

Rappelant la résolution concernant l’élimination du travail des enfants adoptée par la Conference Internationale du Travail à sa quatre-vingt-troisième session, en 1996;

Reconnaissant que le travail des enfants est pour une large part provoqué par la pauvreté et que la solution à long terme réside dans la croissance économique soutenue menant au progrès social, et en particulier à l’atténuation de la pauvreté et à l’éducation universelle;

Rappelant la Convention relative aux droits de l’enfant, adopted on November 20, 1989 by l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies;

Rappelant la Déclaration de l’OIT relative aux principes et droits fondamentaux au travail et son suivi, adopted par la Conference internationale du Travail à sa quatre-vingt-sixième session, en 1998;

Rappelant que certaines des pires formes de travail des enfants sont couvertes par d'autres instruments internationaux, en particulier la convention sur le travail forcé, 1930, et la Convention supplémentaire des Nations Unies relative à l'abolition de l'esclavage, de la traite des esclaves et des institutions et pratiques analogues à l'esclavage, 1956;

Après avoir décidé d’adopter various propositions relative au travail des enfants, question qui constitue le quatrième point à l’ordre du jour de la session;

Après avoir décidé que ces propositions prendraient la forme d’une convention international,

adopte, ce dix-septième jour de juin mil neuf cent quatre-vingt-dix-neuf, la convention ci-après, qui sera dénommée Convention sur les pires formes de travail des enfants, 1999.

Article 1

Tout Membre qui ratifie la présente convention doit prendre des mesures immédiates et efficaces pour assurer l’interdiction et l’élimination des pires formes de travail des enfants et ce, de toute urgence.

Article 2

Aux fins de la présente convention, the term “enfant” s’applique à l’ensemble des personnes de moins de 18 ans.

Article 3

Aux fins de la présente convention, the expression "les pires formes de travail des enfants" comprend:

a) toutes les formes d'esclavage ou pratiques analogues, telles que la vente et la traite des enfants, la servitude pour dettes et le servage ainsi que le travail forcé ou obligatoire, y compris le recrutement forcé ou obligatoire des enfants en vue de leur utilization dans des conflits armés;

b) l’utilisation, le recrutement ou l’offre d’un enfant à des fins de prostitution, de production de matériel pornographique ou de spectacles pornographiques;

c) l’utilisation, le recrutement ou l’offre d’un enfant aux fins d’activités illicites, notamment pour la production et le trafic de stupéfiants, tels que les définissent les conventions internationales pertinentes;

d) les travaux qui, par leur nature ou les conditions dans lesquelles ils s’exercent, sont susceptibles de nuire à la santé, à la sécurité ou à la moralité de l’enfant.

Article 4

(1) Les types de travail visés à l'article 3 d) doivent être déterminés par la législation nationale ou l'autorité compétente, après consultation des organizations d'employeurs et de travailleurs intéressées, en prenant en considération les normes internationales pertinentes, et en particulier les paragraphes 3 et 4 de la recommandation sur les pires formes de travail des enfants, 1999.

(2) L’autorité compétente, après consultation des organizations d’employeurs et de travailleurs intéressées, doit localiser les types de travail ainsi déterminés.

(3) La liste des types de travail déterminés conformément au paragraphe 1 du présent article doit être périodiquement examinée et, au besoin, révisée en consultation avec les organizations d’employeurs et de travailleurs intéressées.

Article 5

Tout Membre doit, après consultation des organizations d’employeurs et de travailleurs, établir ou désigner des mécanismes appropriés pour surveiller l’application des dispositions donnant effet à la présente convention.

Article 6

(1) Tout Membre doit élaborer et mettre en œuvre of the program d’action en vue d’éliminer en priority les pires formes de travail des enfants.

(2) Ces programs d’action doivent être élaborés et mis en œuvre en consultation avec les institutions publiques compétentes et les organizations d’employeurs et de travailleurs, le cas échéant en prenant en considération les vues d’autres groupes intéressés.

Article 7

(1) Tout Membre doit prendre toutes les mesures nécessaires pour assurer la mise en œuvre effective et le respect des dispositions donnant effet à la présente convention, y compris par l'établissement et l'application de sanctions pénales ou, le cas échéant, d 'autres sanctions.

(2) Tout Membre doit, en tenant compte de l’importance de l’éducation en vue de l’élimination du travail des enfants, prendre des mesures efficaces dans un délai déterminé pour:

a) empêcher que des enfants ne soient engagés dans les pires formes de travail des enfants;

b) prévoir l’aide directe nécessaire et appropriée pour soustraire les enfants des pires formes de travail des enfants et assurer leur réadaptation et leur intégration sociale;

c) assurer l’accès à l’éducation de base gratuite et, lorsque cela est possible et approprié, à la formation professionnelle pour tous les enfants qui auront été soustraits des pires formes de travail des enfants;

d) identifier les enfants particulièrement exposés à des risques et entrer en contact direct avec eux;

e) tenir compte de la situation particulière des filles.

(3) Tout Membre doit désigner l’autorité compétente chargée de la mise en œuvre des dispositions donnant effet à la présente convention.

Article 8

Les Membres doivent prendre des mesures appropriées afin de s'entraider pour thunder effet aux dispositions de la présente convention par une coopération et / ou une assistance internationale renforcées, y compris par des mesures de soutien au développement économique et social, aux programmes d'éradication de la pauvreté et à l'éducation universelle.

Article 9

Les ratifications formelles de la présente convention seront communiquées au Directeur général du Bureau international du Travail et par lui enregistrées.

Article 10

(1) La présente convention ne liera que les Membres de l’Organisation internationale du Travail dont la ratification aura été enregistrée par le Directeur général du Bureau international du Travail.

(2) Elle entrera en vigueur douze mois après que les ratifications de deux membres auront été enregistrées par le Directeur général.

(3) Par la suite, cette convention entrera en vigueur pour chaque Membre douze mois après la date où sa ratification aura été enregistrée.

Article 11

(1) Tout Membre ayant ratifié la présente convention peut la dénoncer à l'expiration d'une période de dix années après la date de la mise en vigueur initiale de la convention, par un acte communiqué au Directeur général du Bureau international du Travail et par lui enregistré. La dénonciation ne prendra effet qu’une année après avoir été enregistrée.

(2) Tout Membre ayant ratifié la présente convention qui, dans le délai d'une année après l'expiration de la période de dix années mentionnée au paragraphe précédent, ne fera pas usage de la faculté de dénonciation prévue par le présent article sera lié pour une nouvelle période de dix années et, par la suite, pourra dénoncer la présente convention à l'expiration de chaque période de dix années dans les conditions prévues au présent article.

Article 12

(1) Le Directeur général du Bureau international du Travail notifiera à tous les Membres de l’Organisation internationale du Travail l’enregistrement de toutes les ratifications et de tous actes de dénonciation qui lui seront communiqués par les Membres de l’Organisation.

(2) En notifiant aux membres de l’Organisation l’enregistrement de la deuxième ratification qui lui aura été communiquée, le Directeur général appellera l’attention des Membres de l’Organisation on the date à laquelle la présente convention entrera en vigueur.

Article 13

Le Directeur général du Bureau international du Travail communiquera au Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, aux fins d'enregistrement, conformément à l'article 102 de la Charte des Nations Unies, des renseignements complets au sujet de toutes ratifications et de tous actes de dénonciation qu 'il aura enregistrés conformément aux articles précédents.

Article 14

Chaque fois qu'il le jugera nécessaire, le Conseil d'administration du Bureau international du Travail présentera à la Conference générale un rapport sur l'application de la présente convention et examinera s'il ya lieu d'inscrire à l'ordre du jour de la Conference la question de sa révision totale or partial.

Article 15

(1) Au cas où la Conference adopterait une nouvelle convention portant révision totale ou partial de la présente convention, et à moins que la nouvelle convention ne dispose autrement:

a) la ratification par un Membre de la nouvelle convention portant révision entraînerait de plein droit, nonobstant l’article 11 ci-dessus, dénonciation immédiate de la présente convention, sous réserve que la nouvelle convention portant révision soit entrée en vigueur;

b) à partir de la date de l’entrée en vigueur de la nouvelle convention portant révision, la présente convention cesserait d’être ouverte à la ratification des membres.

(2) La présente convention demeurerait en tout cas en vigueur dans sa forme et teneur pour les membres qui l’auraient ratifiée et qui ne ratifieraient pas la convention portant révision.

Article 16

Les versions française et anglaise du texte de la présente convention font également foi.

(Translation)

Convention 182

AGREEMENT ON THE PROHIBITION AND IMMEDIATE MEASURES TO ELIMINATE THE WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOR

The General Conference of the International Labor Organization,

convened in Geneva by the Administrative Council of the International Labor Office and met on June 1, 1999 for its eighty-seventh session,

Recalls the need to adopt new instruments prohibiting and eradicating the worst forms of child labor as a priority target of national and international action, including international cooperation and assistance, in order to support the Minimum Age for Employment Convention and Recommendation, 1973 to add, which are still fundamental documents on child labor,

Notes that the effective elimination of the worst forms of child labor requires immediate and comprehensive action, taking into account the importance of free basic education and the need to get the children concerned out of any such work and to address their rehabilitation and social inclusion at the same time provide for the needs of their families,

Recalls the resolution on the abolition of child labor adopted by the International Labor Conference at its 83rd session in 1996,

Acknowledges that child labor is in large part caused by poverty and that the long-term solution lies in sustained economic growth that leads to social progress, particularly poverty alleviation and universal education,

recalls the Convention on the Rights of the Child adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on November 20, 1989,

Recalls the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its Follow-up, adopted by the 86th Session of the International Labor Conference in 1998;

Recalls that some of the worst forms of child labor are the subject of other international instruments, notably the Forced Labor Convention, 1930 and the United Nations Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade and Similar Institutions and Practices, 1956,

has decided to adopt various motions relating to child labor, which is the fourth item on its agenda, and

stipulates that these applications should take the form of an international agreement.

The conference adopts today, June 17, 1999, the following Convention, which may be cited as the Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention, 1999.

article 1

Any Member that ratifies this Convention shall take prompt and effective action to ensure that the worst forms of child labor are prohibited and eradicated as a matter of urgency.

Article 2

For the purposes of this Convention, the term “child” applies to anyone under the age of 18.

Article 3

For the purposes of this Convention, the term "worst forms of child labor" includes:

a) All forms of slavery or any kind of slavery-like practice, such as child sales and trafficking, bondage and servitude, and forced or compulsory labor, including the forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict;

b) attracting, arranging or offering a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances;

c) engaging, mediating or offering a child to illicit activities, in particular for the production of and trafficking in drugs, as defined in the relevant international agreements;

d) work which by its nature or the circumstances in which it is performed is likely to be harmful to the health, safety or morality of children.

Article 4

(1) The types of work mentioned under Article 3 d) are to be determined by national legislation or by the competent authority after consultation with the relevant employers 'and workers' associations, taking into account the relevant international standards, in particular those Paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Worst Forms of Child Labor Recommendation, 1999.

(2) After consulting with the relevant employers 'and employees' associations, the competent authority must determine where the types of work identified in this way occur.

(3) The list of the types of work determined in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article shall be regularly reviewed by the competent authority in consultation with the relevant employers 'and workers' associations and, if necessary, revised.

Article 5

After consulting with the employers 'and workers' organizations, each member shall set up or designate suitable mechanisms for monitoring the implementation of the provisions for the implementation of this Convention.

Article 6

(1) Each member has to plan and implement action programs for the priority elimination of the worst forms of child labor.

(2) Such action programs are to be planned and implemented in consultation with the relevant state institutions as well as employers 'and workers' associations, taking into account the views of other relevant groups, if necessary.

Article 7

(1) Each member shall take all measures necessary to ensure the effective implementation and enforcement of the provisions implementing this Convention, including the establishment and application of criminal measures or other coercive measures, as appropriate.

(2) Taking into account the importance of school education for the elimination of child labor, each member must take effective measures within a certain period of time in order to:

a) Prevent the use of children in the worst forms of child labor;

b) To provide the necessary and appropriate immediate assistance for the removal of children from the worst forms of child labor and for their rehabilitation and social inclusion;

c) to ensure that all children removed from the worst forms of child labor have access to free basic education and, whenever possible and appropriate, to vocational training;

d) identify and reach children at particular risk; and

e) to take into account the special situation of girls.

(3) Each member shall designate the competent authority which is responsible for the implementation of the provisions for the implementation of this Convention.

Article 8

Members shall take appropriate steps to assist one another in the implementation of the provisions of this Convention through enhanced international cooperation and / or assistance, including support for social and economic development, poverty eradication programs and for universal education.

Article 9

The formal ratifications of this Convention shall be notified to the Director General of the International Labor Office for registration.

Article 10

(1) This Convention is only binding on those members of the International Labor Organization whose ratification has been registered by the Director General of the International Labor Office.

(2) It comes into force twelve months after the ratifications of two members have been registered by the Director General.

(3) Subsequently, this Convention shall enter into force for each member twelve months after the registration of its ratification.

Article 11

(1) Any Member that has ratified this Convention may denounce it after ten years from its first entry into force by giving formal notice to the Director General of the International Labor Office. The termination is entered by this. It does not take effect until one year after registration.

(2) Any Member who has ratified this Convention and does not exercise the right of termination provided for in this Article within one year of the expiry of the ten years referred to in paragraph 1 shall be bound for a further ten years. Subsequently, it may terminate this Agreement after ten years in accordance with this Article.

Article 12

(1) The Director General of the International Labor Office shall notify all members of the International Labor Organization of the registration of all ratifications and terminations notified to him by the members of the Organization.

(2) The Director-General shall, upon notification of the registration of the second ratification notified to him, draw the attention of the members of the Organization to the date on which this Convention shall enter into force.

Article 13

The Director General of the International Labor Office shall provide the Secretary General of the United Nations with complete information on all ratifications and denunciations entered by him in accordance with the preceding articles for registration in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.

Article 14

The Governing Body of the International Labor Office shall, whenever it deems it necessary, report to the General Conference on the implementation of this Convention and consider whether to place the issue of its revision in whole or in part on the agenda of the Conference.

Article 15

(1) If the Conference adopts a new Convention which revises this Convention in whole or in part, and the new Convention does not provide otherwise, the following shall apply:

(a) Notwithstanding Article 11, ratification of the revised Convention by a member shall automatically have the effect of immediately denouncing this Convention, provided that the revised Convention has entered into force.

b) From the date of entry into force of the revised Convention, this Convention can no longer be ratified by the Members.

(2) In any event, the form and content of this Convention shall remain in force for those Members who have ratified this Convention but not the revised Convention.

Article 16

The English and French versions of the text of this Convention are equally authentic.

Recommendation 190

RECOMMENDATION CONCERNING THE PROHIBITION AND IMMEDIATE ACTION FOR THE ELIMINATION OF THE WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOR

The General Conference of the International Labor Organization,

Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labor Office, and having met in its 87th Session on June 1, 1999, and

Having adopted the Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention, 1999, and

Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to child labor, which is the fourth item on the agenda of the session, and

Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of a Recommendation supplementing the Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention, 1999;

adopts this seventeenth day of June of the year one thousand nine hundred and ninety-nine the following Recommendation, which may be cited as the Worst Forms of Child Labor Recommendation, 1999.

1. The provisions of this Recommendation supplement those of the Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention, 1999 (hereafter referred to as “the Convention”), and should be applied in conjunction with them.

I. Programs of action

2. The programs of action referred to in Article 6 of the Convention should be designed and implemented as a matter of urgency, in consultation with relevant government institutions and employers 'and workers' organizations, taking into consideration the views of the children directly affected by the worst forms of child labor, their families and, as appropriate, other concerned groups committed to the aims of the Convention and this Recommendation. Such programs should aim at, inter alia:

(a) identifying and denouncing the worst forms of child labor;

(b) preventing the engagement of children in or removing them from the worst forms of child labor, protecting them from reprisals and providing for their rehabilitation and social integration through measures which address their educational, physical and psychological needs;

(c) giving special attention to:

(i) younger children;

(ii) the girl child;

(iii) the problem of hidden work situations, in which girls are at special risk;

(iv) other groups of children with special vulnerabilities or needs;

(d) identifying, reaching out to and working with communities where children are at special risk;

(e) informing, sensitizing and mobilizing public opinion and concerned groups, including children and their families.

II. Hazardous work

3. In determining the types of work referred to under Article 3 (d) of the Convention, and in identifying where they exist, consideration should be given, inter alia, to:

(a) work which exposes children to physical, psychological or sexual abuse;

(b) work underground, under water, at dangerous heights or in confined spaces;

(c) work with dangerous machinery, equipment and tools, or which involves the manual handling or transport of heavy loads;

(d) work in an unhealthy environment which may, for example, expose children to hazardous substances, agents or processes, or to temperatures, noise levels, or vibrations damaging to their health;

(e) work under particularly difficult conditions such as work for long hours or during the night or work where the child is unreasonably confined to the premises of the employer.

4. For the types of work referred to under Article 3 (d) of the Convention and Paragraph 3 above, national or regulations or the competent authority could, after consultation with the workers 'and employers' organizations concerned, authorize employment or work as from the age of 16 on condition that the health, safety and morals of the children concerned are fully protected, and that the children have received adequate specific instruction or vocational training in the relevant branch of activity.

III. Implementation

5. (1) Detailed information and statistical data on the nature and extent of child labor should be compiled and kept up to date to serve as a basis for determining priorities for national action for the abolition of child labor, in particular for the prohibition and elimination of its worst forms as a matter of urgency.

(2) As far as possible, such information and statistical data should include data disaggregated by sex, age group, occupation, branch of economic activity, status in employment, school attendance and geographical location. The importance of an effective system of birth registration, including the issuing of birth certificates, should be taken into account.

(3) Relevant data concerning violations of national provisions for the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor should be compiled and kept up to date.

6. The compilation and processing of the information and data referred to in Paragraph 5 above should be carried out with due regard for the right to privacy.

7. The information compiled under Paragraph 5 above should be communicated to the International Labor Office on a regular basis.

8. Members should establish or designate appropriate national mechanisms to monitor the implementation of national provisions for the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor, after consultation with employers ’and workers’ organizations.

 

9. Members should ensure that the competent authorities which have responsibilities for implementing national provisions for the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor cooperate with each other and coordinate their activities.

10. National laws or regulations or the competent authority should determine the persons to be held responsible in the event of non-compliance with national provisions for the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor.

11. Members should, in so far as it is compatible with national law, cooperate with international efforts aimed at the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor as a matter of urgency by:

(a) gathering and exchanging information concerning criminal offenses, including those involving international networks;

(b) detecting and prosecuting those involved in the sale and trafficking of children, or in the use, procuring or offering of children for illicit activities, for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances;

(c) registering perpetrators of such offenses.

12. Members should provide that the following worst forms of child labor are criminal offenses:

(a) all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labor, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict;

(b) the use, procuring or offering of a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances; other

(c) the use, procuring or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs as defined in the relevant international treaties, or for activities which involve the unlawful carrying or use of firearms or other weapons.

13. Members should ensure that penalties including, where appropriate, criminal penalties are applied for violations of the national provisions for the prohibition and elimination of any type of work referred to in Article 3 (d) of the Convention.

14. Members should also provide as a matter of urgency for other criminal, civil or administrative remedies, where appropriate, to ensure the effective enforcement of national provisions for the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor, such as special supervision of enterprises which have used the worst forms of child labor, and, in cases of persistent violation, consideration of temporary or permanent revoking of permits to operate.

15. Other measures aimed at the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor might include the following:

(a) informing, sensitizing and mobilizing the general public, including national and local political leaders, parliamentarians and the judiciary;

(b) involving and training employers ’and workers’ organizations and civic organizations;

(c) providing appropriate training for the government officials concerned, especially inspectors and law enforcement officials, and for other relevant professionals;

(d) providing for the prosecution in their own country of the Member’s nationals who commit offenses under its national provisions for the prohibition and immediate elimination of the worst forms of child labor even when these offenses are committed in another country;

(e) simplifying legal and administrative procedures and ensuring that they are appropriate and prompt;

(f) encouraging the development of policies by undertakings to promote the aims of the Convention;

(g) monitoring and giving publicity to best practices on the elimination of child labor;

(h) giving publicity to legal or other provisions on child labor in the different languages ​​or dialects;

(i) establishing special complaints procedures and making provisions to protect from discrimination and reprisals those who legitimately expose violations of the provisions of the Convention, as well as establishing helplines or points of contact and ombudspersons;

(j) adopting appropriate measures to improve the educational infrastructure and the training of teachers to meet the needs of boys and girls;

(k) as far as possible, taking into account in national programs of action:

(i) the need for job creation and vocational training for the parents and adults in the families of children working in the conditions covered by the Convention; other

(ii) the need for sensitizing parents to the problem of children working in such conditions.

16. Enhanced international cooperation and / or assistance among Members for the prohibition and effective elimination of the worst forms of child labor should complement national efforts and may, as appropriate, be developed and implemented in consultation with employers ’and workers’ organizations. Such international cooperation and / or assistance should include:

(a) mobilizing resources for national or international programs;

(b) mutual legal assistance;

(c) technical assistance including the exchange of information;

(d) support for social and economic development, poverty eradication programs and universal education.

Recommendation 190

RECOMMANDATION CONCERNANT L’INTERDICTION DES PIRES FORMES DE TRAVAIL DES ENFANTS ET L’ACTION IMMÉDIATE EN VUE DE LEUR ÉLIMINATION

La Conference générale de l’Organisation internationale du Travail,

Convoquée à Genève par le Conseil d’administration du Bureau international du Travail, et s’y étant réunie le 1st June 1999, en sa quatre-vingt-septième session;

Après avoir adopté la convention sur les pires formes de travail des enfants, 1999;

Après avoir décidé d'adopter various propositions relative au travail des enfants, question qui constitue le quatrième point à l’ordre du jour de la session;

Après avoir décidé que ces propositions prendraient la forme d’une recommandation complétant la convention sur les pires formes de travail des enfants, 1999,

adopte, ce dix-septième jour de juin mil neuf cent quatre-vingt-dix-neuf, la recommandation ci-après, qui sera dénommée Recommandation sur les pires formes de travail des enfants, 1999.

(1) Les dispositions de la présente recommandation complètent celles de la convention sur les pires formes de travail des enfants, 1999 (ci-après dénommée “la convention”), et devraient s’appliquer conjointement avec elles.

I. Action programs

(2) Les programs d'action visés à l'article 6 de la convention devraient être élaborés et mis en œuvre de toute urgence, en consultation avec les institutions publiques compétentes et les organizations d'employeurs et de travailleurs, en prenant en considération les vues des enfants directement affectés par les pires formes de travail des enfants ainsi que les vues de leurs familles et, le cas échéant, celles d'autres groupes intéressés acquis aux objectifs de la convention et de la présente recommandation. Ces programs devraient viser, entre autres, à:

a) identifier et dénoncer les pires formes de travail des enfants;

b) empêcher que des enfants ne soient engagés dans les pires formes de travail des enfants ou les y soustraire, les protéger de représailles, assurer leur ré-adaptation et leur intégration sociale par des mesures tenant compte de leurs besoins en matière d'éducation et de leurs besoins physiques et psychologiques;

c) accorder une attention particulière:

i) aux plus jeunes enfants;

ii) aux enfants de sexe féminin;

iii) on the problem of the travaux exécutés dans des situations qui échappent aux regards extérieurs, où les filles sont particulièrement exposées à des risques;

iv) à d’autres groupes d’enfants spécialement vulnérables ou ayant des besoins particuliers;

d) identifier les communautés dans lesquelles les enfants sont particulièrement exposés à des risques, entrer en contact et travailler avec elles;

e) informer, sensitizer et mobiliser l’opinion publique et les groupes intéressés, y compris les enfants et leurs familles.

II. Travaux dangereux

(3) En déterminant les types de travail visés à l’article 3 d) de la convention et leur localization, il faudrait, entre autres, prendre en considération:

a) les travaux qui exposent les enfants à des sévices physiques, psychologiques ou sexuels;

b) les travaux qui s’effectuent sous terre, sous l’eau, à des hauteurs dangereuses ou dans des espaces confinés;

c) les travaux qui s’effectuent avec des machines, du matériel ou des outils dangereux, ou qui impliquent de manipuler ou porter de lourdes charges;

d) les travaux qui s’effectuent dans un milieu malsain pouvant, par exemple, exposer des enfants à des substances, des agents ou des procédés dangereux, ou à des conditions de température, de bruit ou de vibrations préjudiciables à leur santé;

e) les travaux qui s’effectuent dans des conditions particulièrement difficiles, par exemple pendant de longues heures, ou la nuit, ou pour lesquels l’enfant est retenu de manière injustifiée dans les locaux de l’employeur.

(4) En ce qui concerne les types de travail visés à l'article 3 d) de la convention ainsi qu'au paragraphe 3 ci-dessus, la législation nationale ou l'autorité compétente peut, après consultation des organizations d'employeurs et de travailleurs intéressées, autoriser l'emploi ou le travail à partir de l'âge de 16 ans, pour autant que la santé, la sécurité et la moralité de ces enfants soient totalement protégées et qu'ils aient reçu un enseignement particulier ou une formation professional adaptés à la branche d'activité dans laquelle ils seront occupés.

III. Mise en éuvre

(5) 1. Des informations détaillées et des données statistiques sur la nature et l'étendue du travail des enfants devraient être compilées et tenues à jour en vue d'établir les priorités de l'action nationale visant à abolir le travail des enfants et , en particulier, à interdire et éliminer ses pires formes et ce, de toute urgence.

2. Dans la mesure du possible, ces informations et données statistiques devraient comprendre des données ventilées par sexe, groupe d’âge, profession, branche d’activité économique, situation dans la profession, fréquentation scolaire et localization geographique. L’importance d’un système efficace d’enregistrement des naissances comportant la délivrance d’actes de naissance devrait être prize en considération.

3. Des données pertinentes devraient être compilées et tenues à jour en ce qui concerne les violations des dispositions nationales visant l’interdiction et l’élimination des pires formes de travail des enfants.

(6) La compilation et le traitement des informations et données mentionnées au paragraphe 5 ci-dessus devraient être effectués en tenant dûment compte du droit à la protection de la vie privée.

(7) Les informations compilées conformément au paragraphe 5 ci-dessus devraient être régulièrement communiquées au Bureau international du Travail.

(8) Les Membres devraient établir ou désigner des mécanismes nationaux appropriés pour surveiller l’application des dispositions nationales visant l’interdiction et l’élimination des pires formes de travail des enfants, après consultation des organizations d’employeurs et de travailleurs.

(9) Les membres devraient veiller à ce que les autorités compétentes chargées de mettre en œuvre les dispositions nationales visant l’interdiction et l’élimination des pires formes de travail des enfants coopèrent entre elles et coordonnent leurs activités.

(10) La législation nationale ou l’autorité compétente devrait déterminer les personnes qui seront tenues responsables en cas de non-respect des dispositions nationales concernant l’interdiction et l’élimination des pires formes de travail des enfants.

(11) Les Membres devraient, pour autant que cela soit compatible avec le droit national, coopérer aux efforts internationaux visant à interdire et éliminer les pires formes de travail des enfants et ce, de toute urgence, en:

a) rassemblant et échangeant des informations concernant les infractions pénales, y compris celles impliquant des réseaux internationaux;

b) recherchant et poursuivant les personnes impliquées dans la vente et la traite des enfants ou dans l'utilisation, le recrutement ou l'offre d'enfants aux fins d'activités illicites, de prostitution ou de production de matériel pornographique ou de spectacles pornographiques ;

c) tenant un registre des auteurs de telles infractions.

(12) Les Membres devraient prévoir que les pires formes de travail des enfants indiquées ci-après sont des infractions pénales:

a) toutes les formes d'esclavage ou pratiques analogues, telles que la vente et la traite des enfants, la servitude pour dettes et le servage ainsi que le travail forcé ou obligatoire, y compris le recrutement forcé ou obligatoire des enfants en vue de leur utilization in the conflits armés;

b) l’utilisation, le recrutement ou l’offre d’un enfant à des fins de prostitution, de production de matériel pornographique ou de spectacles pornographiques;

c) l'utilisation, le recrutement ou l'offre d'un enfant aux fins d'activités illicites, notamment pour la production et le trafic de stupéfiants, tels que les définissent les conventions internationales pertinentes, ou pour des activités qui impliquent le port ou l'utilisation illégaux d'armes à feu ou d'autres armes.

(13) Les Membres devraient veiller à ce que des sanctions, y compris s'il ya lieu des sanctions pénales, soient appliquées en cas de violation des dispositions nationales visant l'interdiction et l'élimination des types de travail mentionnés à l'article 3 d) de la convention.

(14) Le cas échéant, les Membres devraient également prévoir de toute urgence d'autres moyens administratifs, civils ou pénaux en vue d'assurer l'application effective des dispositions nationales visant l'interdiction et l'élimination des pires formes de travail des enfants, par exemple la surveillance particulière des entreprises qui ont eu recours aux pires formes de travail des enfants et, en cas de violation persistante, le retrait temporaire ou définitif de leur permis d'exploitation.

(15) D’autres mesures visant l’interdiction et l’élimination des pires formes de travail des enfants pourraient notamment consister à:

a) informer, sensitizer et mobiliser le grand public, y compris les dirigeants politiques nationaux et locaux, les parlementaires et les autorités judiciaires;

b) associer et former les organizations d'employeurs et de travailleurs et les organizations civiques;

c) dispenser la formation appropriée aux agents des administrations intéressés, en particulier aux inspecteurs et aux représentants de la loi, ainsi qu’à d’autres professionnels concernés;

d) permettre à tout Membre de poursuivre sur son territoire ses ressortissants qui commettent des infractions aux dispositions de sa législation nationale visant l'interdiction et l'élimination immédiate des pires formes de travail des enfants, même lorsque ces infractions sont commises en dehors territoire;

e) simplifier les procédures judiciaires et administratives et veiller à ce qu’elles soient appropriées et rapides;

f) encourager les entreprises à mettre au point des politiques visant à promouvoir les objectifs de la convention;

g) recenser et faire connaître les meilleures pratiques relatives à l’élimination du travail des enfants;

h) faire connaître les dispositions juridiques ou autres relatives au travail des enfants dans les langues ou dialectes divers;

i) prévoir des procédures spéciales de plainte et des dispositions visant à protéger contre toutes discriminations et représailles ceux qui font légitimement état de violations des dispositions de la convention et mettre en place des lignes téléphoniques ou centers d’assistance et des médiateurs;

j) adopter des mesures appropriées en vue d’améliorer les infrastructures éducatives et la formation nécessaire aux enseignants pour répondre aux besoins des garçons et des filles;

k) dans la mesure du possible, tenir compte dans les programs d’action nationaux de la nécessité:

i) de promouvoir l’emploi et la formation professionnelle des parents et des adultes appartenant à la famille des enfants qui travaillent dans les conditions couvertes par la convention;

ii) de sensibiliser les parents auproblemème des enfants travaillant dans ces conditions.

(16) Une coopération et / ou une assistance internationales renforcées entre les membres en vue de l'interdiction et de l'élimination effective des pires formes de travail des enfants devraient compléter les efforts déployés à l'échelle nationale et pourraient, le cas échéant , être développées et mises en Éuvre en consultation avec les organizations d'employeurs et de travailleurs. Une telle coopération et / ou assistance internationales devraient inclure:

a) la mobilization de resources pour des program nationaux ou internationaux;

b) l’assistance mutuelle en matière juridique;

c) l’assistance technique, y compris l’échange d’informations;

d) des mesures de soutien au développement économique et social, aux programs d’éradication de la pauvreté et à l’éducation universelle.

(Translation)

Recommendation 190

RECOMMENDATION ON THE PROHIBITION AND IMMEDIATE MEASURES TO ELIMINATE THE WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOR

The General Conference of the International Labor Organization,

convened in Geneva by the Administrative Council of the International Labor Office and met on June 1, 1999 for its eighty-seventh session,

Adopted the Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention, 1999,

has decided to adopt various motions relating to child labor, which is the fourth item on its agenda, and

stipulates that these motions should take the form of a Recommendation supplementing the Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention, 1999.

The conference adopted today, June 17, 1999, the following Recommendation, which may be cited as the Worst Forms of Child Labor Recommendation, 1999.

(1) The provisions of this Recommendation are complementary to, and should be used in conjunction with, the Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention, 1999 (hereinafter "the Convention").

I. Action programs

(2) The programs of action referred to in Article 6 of the Convention should, as a matter of urgency, be planned and implemented in consultation with relevant government agencies and employers 'and workers' organizations, taking into account the views of children directly affected by the worst forms of child labor, their families and, where appropriate, others eligible groups committed to the objectives of the Convention and this Recommendation should be taken into account. Such programs should include have the objective:

a) Identify and denounce the worst forms of child labor;

b) Preventing children from engaging in, or removing from, the worst forms of child labor, protecting them from retaliation, and providing for their rehabilitation and social inclusion through measures that address their educational, physical and psychological needs;

c) pay special attention to:

i) younger children;

ii) girls;

iii) the problem of clandestine work, where girls are particularly at risk;

iv) other groups of children who are particularly vulnerable or have special needs;

d) Identify and reach communities where children are at particular risk and work with such communities;

e) To inform, raise awareness and mobilize the public and relevant groups, including children and their families.

II. Dangerous work

(3) In identifying the types of work referred to in Article 3 (d) of the Convention and in determining where they occur, inter alia: be taken into account:

a) work that subjects children to physical, psychological or sexual abuse;

b) work underground, under water, at dangerous heights or in confined spaces;

c) work with hazardous machines, equipment and tools or work involving the manual handling or manual transport of heavy loads;

d) Working in an unhealthy environment that may expose children, for example, to dangerous substances, agents or processes or to temperatures, noise levels or vibrations that are harmful to health;

e) work in particularly difficult conditions, for example work for long periods of time or at night or work in which the child is unjustifiably forced to stay on the employer's premises.

(4) For the types of work referred to in Article 3 (d) of the Convention and in paragraph 3 above, national legislation or the competent authority, after consultation with the relevant workers 'and employers' organizations, may offer employment or work from the age of 16 on condition that the health, safety and morality of the children concerned are fully protected and that the children have received appropriate relevant instruction or professional training in the relevant industry.

III. execution

(5) 1. Detailed information and statistical data on the nature and extent of child labor should be compiled and kept up to date in order to serve as a basis for setting priorities for national action to abolish child labor, in particular the prohibition and priority Eliminate their worst forms of service.

2. To the extent possible, such information and statistical data should include data broken down by gender, age group, occupation, industry, employment status, school attendance and geographic location. The importance of an effective system of birth registration, including the issuing of birth certificates, should be recognized.

3. Relevant data on violations of national rules relating to the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor should be compiled and kept up to date.

(6) The compilation and processing of the information and data referred to in paragraph 5 should take due account of the right to privacy.

(7) The information compiled in accordance with paragraph 5 should be regularly submitted to the International Labor Office.

(8) Members, after consulting with employers 'and workers' organizations, should establish or designate appropriate national mechanisms to oversee the implementation of national rules relating to the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor.

(9) Members should ensure that the competent authorities responsible for the implementation of national rules on the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor cooperate and coordinate their activities.

(10) National law or the competent authority should determine the persons responsible for failure to comply with national provisions concerning the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor.

(11) Members should, to the extent compatible with national law, participate in international efforts to promote the urgent prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor by:

a) Collect and exchange information on criminal activities, including those in which international networks are involved;

b) identify and prosecute persons who are involved in the sale of children and in child trafficking or in attracting, referring or offering children to illicit activities, prostitution, pornography production or pornographic performances;

c) register the perpetrators.

(12) Members should provide that the worst forms of child labor constitute criminal offenses:

a) all forms of slavery or any kind of slavery-like practice, such as child selling and trafficking, debt bondage and servitude, and forced or compulsory labor, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict;

b) attracting, arranging or offering a child for prostitution, for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances;

c) engaging, mediating or offering a child to illicit activities, in particular the production of and trafficking in drugs, as defined in the relevant international conventions, or activities involving the unlawful carrying or use of firearms or other weapons are connected.

 

(13) Members should ensure that penalties, including, where appropriate, criminal measures, are applied for violations of national rules relating to the prohibition and elimination of the types of work referred to in Article 3 (d) of the Convention.

(14) Members should, as appropriate, urgently provide for other criminal, civil or administrative measures to ensure the effective enforcement of national rules relating to the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor, such as special supervision of establishments, who have made use of the worst forms of child labor and, in the event of persistent violations, the temporary or permanent withdrawal of their operating license.

(15) Other measures to ban and eradicate the worst forms of child labor could include:

a) informing, raising awareness and mobilizing the general public, including national and local political leaders, parliamentarians and the judiciary;

b) the participation and training of employers 'and workers' organizations and social organizations;

c) Providing appropriate training for the government officials concerned, in particular inspectors and law enforcement officers, and for other relevant professionals;

d) the criminal prosecution in their own country of nationals of the member who commit criminal acts in accordance with its national regulations concerning the prohibition and immediate elimination of the worst forms of child labor, even if these criminal acts were committed in another country;