What is a narrator

The narrative perspectives

Every epic text has one teller, a voice that tells the story to the reader.

This narrator can do it all different positions tell out, so change the perspective.

The narrative perspective is the point of view from which a literary work is told.

There are four different narrative perspectives: the authorial, personal, neutral as well as the special form of the First-person narration.

The authorial (omniscient) narrator

As the name suggests, the authorial narrator knows everything. He tells from a perspective outside of the narrated event.

He tells the story as if he were following the events with a camera from a higher point of view (external perspective).

The omniscient narrator can in all look inside his characters and tell what they think and feel. So he knows everything about her.

Be overriding point of view enables the authorial narrator ...

  • Show connections (e.g. relationships between characters),
  • to tell the story in flashbacks (background of the plot),
  • Anticipating events (future action).

But you are not equating the narrator with the author. The author "created" the narrator, but it is not a person!

The personal narrator

In contrast to the authorial narrator, the personal narrator knows not everything.

The personal narrator slips into the role individual (or several) characters and tells the story from his (her) point of view in the He / she form. The action is depicted as if from the perspective of a camera that stands close behind the he / she narrator.

As a result, the personal narrator can only know what the character from whose point of view the story is being told knows. All other backgrounds are not conveyed to the reader. He perceives what is happening exclusively from this figure's point of view (inner perspective).

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The neutral narrator

The neutral narrator does not tell a story from the point of view of a character or evaluate what is happening.

The neutral narrator only describes what externally perceptible is.
He describes how the characters act without commenting or evaluating what happened in any way.

This narrative behavior is very often found in dramatic texts that primarily show what the individual characters are saying. The story emerges from the dialogues or monologues.

The first-person narrator

The first-person narrator stands in the middle of the story and tells from his / her point of view in the first person.

So what is told is what he or she thinks or feels. The first-person narrator does not know what the others think or feel. The first-person narrator has the camera, with which the event is recorded, in his own hand.

This narrative perspective gives the reader the impression that he is directing the events experience would.

Changing perspectives

Usually one finds a single narrative perspective in works. But there are quite a few examples in which the perspective changes.

This means that the narrative situation is changed within the work. Thus the story can e.g. B. be told by different first-person narrators, but a change between the other perspectives is also possible.

The changing narrative perspective is often found in modern literature.

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