Why do we need a solid principle

"We have to reward solid research more"

How can open science help here?
Registered reports can also be viewed under the aspect of open science. Ultimately, you reveal a lot more of your process. You already show that you have planned the respective study. Nowadays, many researchers put their studies that didn't come out what should have come out into drawers. But of course that's just a single approach. For example, if people share their data publicly, which is usually not a legal problem, then it is easy for others to do the math and check it with newer statistical methods. For me this is an absolute no-brainer. Most people understand that, but you have to find the time to document and upload your data. Of course, many of them are always concerned that someone will find a mistake. I believe that this can be counteracted - namely when people notice that their research is being trusted more and when this is translated into our currency, i.e. citation.

What can universities and research institutions do to improve the quality of research in terms of transparency, open science and also reproducibility?
The main idea is that in addition to things like the number of papers, third-party funding and citations, openness is also taken into account in appointment procedures. One should pay attention to whether the papers were published as Open Access, the data were published or whether a pre-registration was used. You also have to keep an eye on the fact that all of this takes time. Working openly can mean that people who have published fewer, but open papers, are nevertheless equal to those who have published a little more, but for whom nobody can understand whether the respective research results are all correct.

To person

Ruben Arslan is doing his doctorate in biological personality psychology at the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. There he deals with the evolutionary and genetic causes of individual differences in personality and intelligence and examines romantic preferences and relationship dynamics. He hopes that open, transparent science will make psychological research more solid and reproducible. To drive this forward, he publishes scientific open source software and participates in international and local initiatives to promote open science. In 2017 he was recognized in the Free Knowledge Fellow Program, initiated by the Stifterverband and Wikimedia.