Is soda bicarbonate good for gastritis
Which home remedies help with reflux?
The list of home remedies that are supposed to help against heartburn is long. In many cases, there is a lack of scientific evidence for the effectiveness of the funds. That is why in this article we have worked out for you which home remedies have been shown to help with reflux.
Baking soda is an alkaline substance that can be used to neutralize acid. So baking soda acts like antacids - drugs that can relieve acute heartburn. Soda can be dissolved in water. One then speaks of alkaline water. If you drink this liquid, the gastric juice and, as a result, the ascending reflux will temporarily become less acidic. However, since baking soda does not inhibit the production of stomach acid, the remedy only works for a short period of time. In addition, swallowing liquid means that the volume in the stomach is further increased, thus increasing the pressure, which is why reflux can even increase.
You can find out more about this in the article on baking soda as a home remedy for heartburn.
Honey has many properties that are beneficial in treating reflux. It has an anti-inflammatory effect, which has a positive effect on wound healing. Reflux symptoms are caused by inflammation of the esophagus. Theoretically, honey could have a positive influence on the development of reflux symptoms.
Due to its viscosity, honey also adheres well to the mucous membranes of the body and therefore remains protective on the irritated mucous membranes of the esophagus for a longer period of time.1 To date, however, there are no scientific studies that could clearly determine whether honey actually relieves reflux symptoms.
In addition, honey is primarily made up of sugar. However, sugar has many negative effects on digestion. As such, honey is probably not a good idea for chronic reflux, even though it may be better than other sources of sugar.
Ginger is also anti-inflammatory and supports digestion; especially gastric emptying, which is an advantage in the case of reflux.2,3,4,5 However, ginger also has a relaxing effect on the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and can thus promote reflux.6
In this respect, the statements about the usefulness of ginger in reflux are somewhat paradoxical. This can be explained by the fact that the studies in the sources linked above only examine individual components of the digestive system that are related to reflux, not the reflux itself. I am not aware of any study that examines the influence of ginger on reflux itself. From a scientific point of view, it cannot be said whether the advantages or disadvantages outweigh the disadvantages.
I definitely think ginger is something to try because it is generally a healthy food. But I would only recommend it if you like it. You can drink it as tea, for example, or use it as a substitute for pepper (which is more likely to trigger reflux).
Our article on the effects of ginger on heartburn goes into detail on how ginger affects reflux.
Yogurt is often said to help relieve symptoms of reflux. Several factors must be taken into account in this regard: On the one hand, yogurt is good for digestion because it is a natural probiotic. At the same time, yogurt is a moderately acidic food, which is a problem with reflux.7,8,9,10,11
For esophageal reflux (GERD), I think yogurt is acceptable unless you are very sensitive and feel an immediate worsening of your symptoms due to the irritation from the acid.
In the case of respiratory reflux (silent reflux) it is a more difficult question, since yogurt consumed straight is a little too acidic on the pH scale. Patients with airway reflux tend to react much more strongly to acidic foods. I advise avoiding all foods below pH 5 for silent reflux until symptoms have improved. Natural yogurt has a pH value between 4 and 4.5 and is therefore a bit too acidic.
Due to the positive effects on digestion, I see yogurt as a borderline case that is still just acceptable for silent reflux. However, one should be aware that the acid can activate pepsin, which unnecessarily irritates the mucous membranes in the throat in the case of silent reflux. It would therefore be better to mix the yogurt with other foods to reduce the acid concentration. You can use yogurt in smoothies, for example, in combination with vegetables, or other non-acidic foods.
This article takes a closer look at the relationship between yogurt and heartburn.
Similar to yoghurt, popular belief is that milk is also said to relieve heartburn. In fact, however, there is no scientific evidence that milk helps with heartburn. In addition, some people suffer from milk intolerance, which can also have a negative impact on reflux.12,13
Personally, I suspect that milk may have a short-term calming effect on the esophagus because milk is pH-neutral, which in the short term compensates for acid reflux in the esophagus. In contrast to water, milk is also a little thicker, which is why it probably stays on the mucous membrane a little longer.
However, at the same time, drinking the milk increases the volume in the stomach, which further increases the pressure in the stomach and the reflux.
If you need help with acute symptoms, then antacids make more sense, which work on the same principle (balance acidity), but do this more efficiently, which means that less fluid is required (= less increase in pressure in the stomach).
In our article on the connection between milk and heartburn, you can find out more about why milk is not recommended for reflux.
Chewing gum stimulates the flow of saliva and at the same time makes you have to swallow more often. This makes it easier for the esophagus to carry harmful reflux back into the stomach. One study showed that chewing gum after a reflux-triggering meal increases the pH of the esophagus.14
However, you need to be careful to use a non-acidic gum. Virtually all fruit-flavored chewing gums are acidic. The artificially added acid gives the chewing gum a fresh and fruity taste.
In general, mint flavors (or menthol) are added to most non-acidic chewing gum. Mint also has a reputation for causing reflux. However, according to one study, it appears to be a myth.15 In the amounts that mint flavors and menthol are found in chewing gum, they shouldn't have a negative effect on reflux.
In this respect, I can generally recommend chewing (non-acidic) gum for reflux, especially after eating.15
The juice of the aloe vera plant has an anti-inflammatory and digestive effect. According to research from a recent study, drinking aloe vera juice daily reduces reflux symptoms such as heartburn, acid regurgitation, nausea, swallowing problems and gas in just two weeks.16
However, you should be careful to drink purified and colorless juice, as the juice contains substances that can irritate the digestive system and cause diarrhea before cleaning.
In general, only "real" aloe vera makes sense, not just any admixture in lemonades and soft drinks. These are sold as healthy for marketing purposes. In reality, however, it is a mixture of sugars with flavors.
Like many of the home remedies mentioned, chamomile is also anti-inflammatory and helps with digestive problems.17 In addition, chamomile can inhibit the reproduction of the H. pylori bacterium. H. pylori lodges in the lining of the stomach and can cause inflammation and stomach ulcers. This bacterium is also suspected of promoting the formation of reflux. Extensive studies have yet to confirm whether chamomile is actually effective against the spread of reflux.
However, I received the information from a speech therapist that chamomile tea can have a drying effect on the mucous membranes, which could be problematic at least in the case of airway reflux, since the mucous membrane of the throat is already irritated in this case.
Liquorice (liquorice root)
Licorice root has been used in naturopathy for a long time to treat inflammation in the digestive system. The extract of liquorice root is the ingredient that gives liquorice its typical taste. However, licorice that you can buy in the store usually only contains small amounts of licorice root. However, licorice root can also be purchased in powder form.
One study has shown that licorice root extract can relieve many symptoms associated with reflux, such as heartburn, bloating, nausea, and acid regurgitation.18
Avoiding reflux triggers as the most effective measure
As this article points out, there are some home remedies that have been shown to relieve reflux symptoms. As a rule, however, these remedies do not address the actual cause of the reflux. So even if most of the home remedies mentioned prove to be digestive, treatment with these remedies will not fix the cause of the problems.
In order to treat reflux effectively, it makes more sense to identify specific reflux triggers and avoid them as much as possible. Often reflux triggers go back to bad eating habits that can be easily controlled with simple dietary measures.
In the book “Ending Heartburn” you will find out exactly how you can get rid of your reflux as quickly as possible using natural measures.
1. Math M v, Khadkikar RM, Kattimani YR. Honey - a nutrient with medicinal property in reflux. The Indian journal of medical research. 2013; 138 (6): 1020-1021. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24521651. Accessed March 13, 2020.
2. Zick SM, Turgeon DK, Vareed SK, et al. Phase II Study of the Effects of Ginger Root Extract on Eicosanoids in Colon Mucosa in People at Normal Risk for Colorectal Cancer. Cancer Prevention Research. 2011; 4 (11): 1929-1937. doi: 10.1158 / 1940-6207.CAPR-11-0224
3. Nikkhah Bodagh M, Maleki I, Hekmatdoost A. Ginger in gastrointestinal disorders: A systematic review of clinical trials. Food Science & Nutrition. 2019; 7 (1): 96-108. doi: 10.1002 / fsn3.807
4. Wu K-L, Rayner CK, Chuah S-K, et al. Effects of ginger on gastric emptying and motility in healthy humans. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology. 2008; 20 (5): 436-440. doi: 10.1097 / MEG.0b013e3282f4b224
5. Micklefield GH, Redeker Y, Meister V, Jung O, Greving I, May B. Effects of ginger on gastroduodenal motility. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 1999;37(7):341-346.
6. Lohsiriwat S, Rukkiat M, Chaikomin R, Leelakusolvong S. Effect of ginger on lower esophageal sphincter pressure. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet. 2010; 93 (3): 366-372. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20420113. Accessed March 12, 2020.
7. Nebel OT, Castell DO. Inhibition of the lower oesophageal sphincter by fat a mechanism for fatty food intolerance. Well. 1973; 14 (4): 270-274. doi: 10.1136 / good.14.4.270
8. Akgun A, Yazici F, Gulec HA. The combined effect of probiotic cultures and incubation final pH on the quality of buffalo milk yogurt during cold storage. Food Science & Nutrition. 2018; 6 (2): 492-502. doi: 10.1002 / fsn3.580
9. Measuring pH of Yogurt - Food Quality & Safety. https://www.foodqualityandsafety.com/article/measuring-ph-yogurt/. Accessed March 13, 2020.
10. Nakae H, Tsuda A, Matsuoka T, Mine T, Koga Y. Gastric microbiota in the functional dyspepsia patients treated with probiotic yogurt. BMJ Open Gastroenterology. 2016; 3 (1): e000109. doi: 10.1136 / bmjgast-2016-000109
11. Igarashi M, Nakae H, Matsuoka T, et al. Alteration in the gastric microbiota and its restoration by probiotics in patients with functional dyspepsia. BMJ Open Gastroenterology. 2017; 4 (1): e000144. doi: 10.1136 / bmjgast-2017-000144
12. Caselli M, lo Cascio N, Rabitti S, et al. Pattern of food intolerance in patients with gastro-esophageal reflux symptoms. Minerva Medica. 2017; 108 (6): 496-501. doi: 10.23736 / S0026-4806.17.05379-4
13. Pérez Lara FJ, Hernández Gonzalez JM, Doblas Fernández J, Corrales Valero E, Oehling de los Reyes H. Prospective Study of Lactose Intolerance as a Potential Cause of Gas Bloat Syndrome in Patients Treated Surgically for Gastroesophageal Reflux. Surgical innovation. 2020; 27 (2): 160-164. doi: 10.1177 / 1553350619891351
14. Moazzez R, Bartlett D, Anggiansah A. The Effect of Chewing Sugar-free Gum on Gastro-esophageal Reflux. Journal of Dental Research. 2005; 84 (11): 1062-1065. doi: 10.1177 / 154405910508401118
15. Bulat R, Fachnie E, Chauhan U, Chen Y, Tougas G. Lack of the effect of spearmint on lower oesophageal sphincter function and acid reflux in healthy volunteers. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 1999; 13 (6): 805-812. doi: 10.1046 / j.1365-2036.1999.00528.x
16. Panahi Y, Khedmat H, Valizadegan G, Mohtashami R, Sahebkar A. Efficacy and safety of Aloe vera syrup for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease: a pilot randomized positive-controlled trial. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2015; 35 (6): 632-636. doi: 10.1016 / S0254-6272 (15) 30151-5
17. Gupta. Chamomile: A herbal medicine of the past with a bright future (review). Molecular Medicine Reports. 2010; 3 (6). doi: 10.3892 / mmr.2010.377
18. Raveendra KR, Jayachandra, Srinivasa V, et al. An extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra (GutGard) Alleviates Symptoms of Functional Dyspepsia: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2012; 2012: 1-9. doi: 10.1155 / 2012/216970
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