Do copyright rules work internationally on YouTube
"Immense damage to European startups": Massive criticism of the planned EU copyright reform
The waves go up after the EU Parliament's vote for new copyright rules. The first representatives of the digital industry have already spoken out, who are not happy about the decision for a Europe-wide ancillary copyright and upload filters for large online advertising platforms. Marco Junk, managing director of the BVDW (Bundesverband Digitale Wirtschaft) in Germany criticizes the vote of the MPs: “With this, the EU Parliament is crossing a line that was rightly taboo up to now. This advance censorship is an absolutely disproportionate interference with freedom of expression on the internet. If content is checked as it is being uploaded, we are taking a dangerous route. "
Junk criticizes the fact that alleged copyright infringements now have to be prevented by means of upload filters before the content is uploaded to the platform. As an effect, he fears that a lot of content would not even be uploaded because users fear the consequences. Junk believes that this would be the “end of creativity and diversity as the basis for many innovative business models in the digital economy”. However, only large platforms such as Google (YouTube) or Facebook should be specifically affected by upload filters. They already operate so-called content ID systems that check whether videos (images, music) have violated copyright. SMEs should be exempt from the regulation.
“Not a good day for Europe and the free internet”
Markus Raunig, head of the Austrian think tank Austrian Startups, sees a massive disadvantage for innovations: “We are currently well on the way to destroying Europe as a location for innovation in the long term. Out of fear of the big American technology companies, we withdraw into our snail shell and protect existing industries from disruption. The sad reality: We are gradually destroying the chance that the next-generation Googles and Facebooks will come from Europe ”.
The Federal Association of German Startups also complains about the possible “immense damage to European startups”. “September 12, 2018 is not a good day for Europe and the free internet. In the end, it was not common sense but rather the particular interests of a few who refused to progress, ”said Florian Nöll, Chairman of the Startup Association. “With today's decision, the members of the European Parliament have caused enormous damage to the free Internet and to the success of future-oriented technologies such as artificial intelligence. In the international competition for the digital pioneers and technologies of the future, Europe has had to accept a severe blow today that will continue to have an impact for decades. "
NEOS and Greens "disappointed"
NEOS MEP Angelika Mlinar also finds the result of the vote “regrettable”. “Upload filters not only limit the possibility of creative use of content, for example for satire, but in the worst case also mean that censorship and surveillance are made possible. This contradicts our liberal ideas of a free, open and democratic Internet in every respect, ”says Mlinar.
Michel Reimon, EU MEP for the Greens, was also disappointed with the result of the vote: “The Conservatives, sections of the Social Democrats and Liberals not only do not understand how the Internet works. Despite massive concerns of the population, they are on the side of the large corporations. For example, photos and videos from sporting events could be banned in the future. Cosmetic changes do not change anything: Upload filters and ancillary copyright endanger the free Internet and are the wrong way to protect copyrights. Today women artists, European platforms, small startups and we citizens are left with nothing. "
"Will result in upload filters"
"The result of today's vote, however, is based on outdated structures and thus slows down digital progress," criticized Maximilian Schubert, Secretary General of ISPA (Internet Service Provider Austria). “Copyright is of essential importance in our knowledge society, but the rule of law, innovation and diversity of opinion must not suffer.” He believes that upload filters must now come as feared. “Even if the word upload filter has been deleted from the draft, it will still come down to this. Filters, however, cannot decide whether a work is quoted or parodied, and will therefore always block more than necessary in case of doubt, ”continues Schubert.
“When it comes to text and data mining, we advocate exceptions for science and research. In the area of panoramic photos, we are in favor of allowing architecture and sculptures to be photographed and used in public spaces without a license, ”said Heinz K. Becker, media spokesman for the ÖVP in the European Parliament shortly before the vote. “There have to be exceptions for reviews, parody and illustration - that includes the question of memes. Public libraries must be allowed to lend e-books. "
"Finally clear rules of the game"
The SPÖ European MPs Evelyn Regner and Josef Weidenholzer see the result of the vote as a success for artists: “It has long been time to modernize copyright law and adapt it to the Internet. In doing so, Europe's artists must be better off and fairly and appropriately remunerated for their works. Today we showed how fair payment for artists can be guaranteed across Europe. " The ball now lies with the Austrian Presidency to stand up for the rights of artists.
Weidenholzer is critical of the “upload filter”: “In the past few weeks we were able to reach some compromises in tough negotiations and pass amendments that defused the original report by CDU MP Voss. It cannot be that algorithms decide what we see and what not. However, we SPÖ MPs regret that a majority voted for upload filters. The freedom of the internet must be preserved. "
The Association of German Magazine Publishers (VDZ) and the Federal Association of German Newspaper Publishers (BDZV) are pleased with the decision of the EU Parliament. “In the opinion of both central associations, all owners of copyrighted property and all people in Europe will benefit from the new law, because the creative industry has finally enforced clear rules of the game against the large Internet companies.” Now a “fair balance” with Google, Facebook and Co is possible.
In Austria, before the vote, the Association of Austrian Newspapers (VÖZ), the IFPI (Association of the Austrian Music Industry) and the professional association of the film and music industry in the Chamber of Commerce advocated strong guidelines for copyright law.
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