What kind of succulent is that

Succulents

General

You could almost think that succulents came from another planet: rosette thick leaf, echeveria, aloe, gasteria and sedum plant with their fleshy leaves and shoots are completely out of line. The name of the group of plants is derived from the Latin word "suculentus" for "rich in juice". An indication of the water reservoirs in the leaves and stems, which enable the plants to survive long dry periods. No wonder they are so robust and insensitive!

Caring for cacti and succulents

Cacti and succulents are pretty easy to care for because they rarely need watering. Nevertheless, you should consider a few things when watering, repotting and choosing the right location.

use

Succulents are especially made for creative and at the same time planting ideas. They look particularly beautiful in bowls and pots made of clay, terracotta or zinc. Since they are usually small and also extremely diverse, you can create a varied collection. On a shelf, a flower staircase or as a living succulent picture, they look like an art exhibition and invite you to look at patterns and shades of color. Attractive effects are also created when you plant species with different growth rates in one container. The selection becomes particularly diverse if you look around at the non-winter-hardy succulents such as Echeveria, Aloe or Kalanchoe. They are usually offered as indoor plants, but prefer to spend the summer outside in a sunny place. Hardy species such as houseleek, sedum plant and others find their place in rock gardens and dry stone walls. They're also great for troughs and other planters that are left outside in the winter.

Plant succulents

Their frugality allows them to grow succulents in the smallest of vessels. They are particularly beautiful in unusual planters such as worn out shoes or planted on old roof tiles. Always use well-drained soil as the substrate, cactus soil or potting soil mixed with sand is suitable. Succulents need very good water drainage, as they cannot tolerate stagnant moisture at all. Drain holes in the planters are therefore essential. In addition, fill in a high layer of pebbles or a drainage layer of expanded clay.

A gravel cover on the potting soil prevents the rosettes from resting and thus prevents rot. In order to achieve a natural character, some larger pebbles are also placed between the plants when planting. Such stones can be found on river banks or simply bought in building materials stores. Sunny places in the garden, on the terrace and balcony are ideal for the pachyderms - they are also ideal as indoor plants for direct sunlight.

maintenance

Dry phases are not a problem for the survivors. In contrast to many other plants, succulents do not fail in hot places, because their fleshy leaves and stems store water and evaporate very little moisture. However, the correct watering of succulents is important: Containers planted with succulents that are outdoors do not have to be watered - except in very long dry periods. Plants in rain-protected areas and in the room are only watered again when the soil has dried off well. Drought harms the plants far less than constantly wet soil. Fertilization is done in a very weak dose at most every three to four weeks. Apply half the amount of liquid fertilizer indicated on the package or use a cactus fertilizer.

Multiplication

Most succulent plants are easy to propagate, for example with a rosette of leaves that is placed in sandy soil. But also side shoots and even individual leaves - with the leaf base stuck in the propagation substrate - quickly take root. Often the first roots appear on the mother plant and the offshoots grow particularly quickly. The best time to look after offspring is from spring to summer. Damp interfaces are left to dry for two to three days. Moisten the soil only slightly and place the propagation vessels in the shade.

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Winter protection

In winter, succulents prefer cool but bright locations, for example at the south window. Houseleek (Sempervivum) and sedum are frost hardy and stay in the garden even in winter. Place the planters in a protected and rainproof way so that the moisture-sensitive plants do not rot. In the garden, a very permeable subsurface is important so that the soil does not get wet. Winter wetness harms succulents more than low temperatures.