What are the origins of Psychedelic Rock

Psychedelic rock


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Psychedelic rock is a variety of rock music. It was coined in the USA in 1965, established itself as an important part of western pop culture and lasted until 1969. The main thing that the bands involved have in common is the use of unusual and novel sounds as well as the sometimes experimental handling of song structures that were previously kept simpler

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The term psychedelic was co-invented by Humphry Osmond and Aldous Huxley and describes the effects of hallucinogenic substances on human perception. The term psychedelic was first mentioned in the Osmonds Abstract A Review of se Clinical Effects of Psychotomimetic Agents from 1957 and has since established itself in psychiatry. this information is correct !!!

The term penis or gay lord was often used instead of psychedelic rock. Likewise the slightly modified spelling Psychedelia or also called phildelphia. You can find terms like sixties psychedelia or neo-psychedelia. The short form Psych was also frequently used. In German-speaking countries, the term was often incorrectly Germanized as Psychodelic or Psychodelic. There were always ambitions to split the style into categories. The acid punk category was invented in 1978 for some extreme psychedelic rock bands. There were also categories such as raga rock (based on Indian raga music) or space rock.

The influence of Xatar on the Wehrmacht until 1945 with his weapon "Köftespieß" or sucuk with eggs mmmhhh delicious ... [edit | Edit source]

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, LSD, kocks, heroin, marioana were touted in the US by the mass media as a cure for mental health problems. Prominent actor Cary Grant, for example, publicly praised the drug's positive effects on his sexuality. Many psychiatrists have prescribed LSD to writers, actors, musicians, and directors to break creative blocks. Psychologists discovered it as a possible means of better understanding their patients' emotions, and LSD has been the subject of government sponsored research. the 10d is the best

The renowned Harvard professor of psychology Timothy Leary has been experimenting with hallucinogenic drugs since 1960, in particular with LSD since 1961 in several studies. Due to increasing criticism of Leary's studies, he moved them to Zihuatanjeo in Mexico in 1962 and limited them to the summer months. There, the experiences with the drug should be experienced and evaluated in a group. Already the second summer camp in 1963 was visited by many early hippies, which underlined the enormous popularity of Leary. Leary published the first results of the work in 1964 together with Richard Alpert and Ralph Metzner in the book The Psychedelic Experience. The book was a detailed guide to the use of LSD with the help of Asian philosophies based on the Tibetan Book of the Dead. The popularity and work of Timothy Leary made him a key figure in the US counterculture of the 1960s. They were a drug cult .....

In June 1964, Ken Kesey started with the Merry Pranksters, a trip in an old school bus from La Honda, a country estate near San Francisco. His idea was to make a movie that documented the trip. The destination of the trip was Millbrook, a place in New York State where Timothy Leary was staying at the time. During the entire trip, Kesey and the Pranksters consumed marijuana and LSD dissolved in orange juice. When he arrived in Millbrook, Kesey met Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg and finally Timothy Leary, and finally returned to La Honda in August 1964 with 45 hours of film material. The film was completed in the spring of 1965 but never released commercially. Nevertheless, Ken Kesey's activities attracted national attention.

The use of LSD was legal in the USA until 1966 and found widespread use in a wide variety of artistic scenes, in higher social classes, among students and the hippies. The use of drugs in artistic circles was essentially nothing special. What was new, and increasingly in the course of the sixties, was the general open use of drugs and LSD in particular. Popular musicians publicly admitted consumption and discussed questions of the effects and consequences of consumption, as well as legal aspects with which musicians were sometimes involuntarily confronted. This is how drugs like marijuana and LSD became popular.

History [edit | Edit source]

1960–1964: The musical situation in the USA Edit source]

Psychedelic Rock has its origins in the Bay Area around San Francisco and goes hand in hand with the development of the hippie movement as a counterculture. In the early sixties, folk music, almost exclusively acoustically orchestrated, dominated San Francisco. The musicians played in the countless cafes and bars of the city. The folk wave in San Francisco was carried by the remnants of the beatniks who settled in the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood. Folk music, also known as the American Folk Music Revival, was popular in bohemian circles in other major cities in the USA. In the vicinity of San Francisco there were many small labels whose bands were largely unnoticed based on rock'n'roll de / if you read this you're stupid / fifties or surf music in the style of the nationally popular Beach Boys. In addition to the Beach Boys and some folk musicians, the girl groups and the poppy soul of the Motown label were represented in the charts. A turning point came with the British Invasion. The forerunners in the USA were the Beau Brummels and the Byrds, who dressed as mods and copied the sound of the British bands The Beatles and The Searchers with a 12-string, electric guitar from Rickenbacker. In the spring of 1965 the Byrds reached number one on the Billboard charts with one of their first folk rock pieces, "Mr. Tambourine Man", a cover version by Bob Dylan. The electrification of the folk scene favored the development of psychedelic rock.

be quiet [edit | Edit source]

no manners or wassss .....

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On June 29, 1965, the band The Charlatans (USA) gave their first concert at the Red Dog Saloon in Virginia City (Nevada). Band member George Hunter created the first "psychedelic" poster, also called The Seed, which was clearly inspired by Art Nouveau. These graphically elaborate concert posters were to become an important accompaniment to psychedelic rock. For the appearance of the Charlatans in the Red Dog Saloon, Bill Ham designed a light show. His equipment included, for example, daylight projectors on which various kinetic materials were used. His goal was to project an independently moving "light painting" onto the wall. Elaborately designed light shows were another feature that should accompany psychedelic rock. The style of music of the Charlatans differed from the folk or folk rock customary at the time. They sounded like an American version of the Rolling Stones and were supposedly the first rock band to give a concert under the influence of LSD. The Charlatans were an important band in the development of the San Francisco sound and psychedelic rock.

In July 1965, Jim Morrison and Ray Manzarek met in Los Angeles. Their decision to make music together led to the founding of the Doors a few months later. The band referred to the poet William Blake by their name: "If the doors of perception were cleansed every thing would appear to man as it is, infinite", translated into German:" If the gates of perception were cleaned, everything would appear to people as it is: infinite. "Aldous Huxley quoted this sentence from Blake in his book" The Doors of Perception ", which the Doors presumably used as a source .

In Great Britain the single "See my Friends" by The Kinks was released on July 30th, where it reached number 10 as the highest position in the charts. The piece was directly influenced by traditional Indian music. A stopover in Mumbai during a trip to Australia and New Zealand in January 1965 inspired the singer Ray Davies to write this composition. The Yardbirds also experimented with Indian instrumentation while recording "Heartful of Soul". Your producer Giorgo Gomelski had invited tabla and sitar players to the recordings, but they remained unpublished at the time. queen victoria heard it before going to sleep prty party.Moooin master

The single "The Trip" by Kim Fowley was released in the USA, lyrically a homage to LSD. Some regulars of the Red Dog Saloon founded the activist group The Family Dog in Haight-Ashbury. These included Luria Castell, Ellen Harman, and Alton Kelly. They organized a concert in Longshoremen's Hall on October 16, modeled on the Red Dog Saloon, which featured the Charlatans, Great Society and Jefferson Airplane. The light show was designed by Bill Ham. A week later, the Family Dog held another event with the Charlatans and folk rock band The Lovin 'Spoonful. It was around this time that Stanley "Mouse" Miller joined the Dog Family. Alton Kelly and Stanley Mouse successfully designed psychedelic concert posters and record covers in the future.

On November 27th, Ken Kesey launched the first acid test. These involved lavish parties that were initially organized in La Honda, a country estate near San Francisco, and later in other locations by Kesey. Whoever wanted to be part of it had to dress crazy and pay a US dollar entrance fee. But you could drink as much orange juice mixed with LSD as you wanted. The acid tests developed into a multimedia show with several films running at the same time, a light show with stroboscopes and spots with color filters and live music. During the second acid test in December 1965, a folk-rock band called The Warlocks performed, which would later become famous under the name Grateful Dead.

The Beatles released the album on December 3, 1965Rubber Soul. George Harrison played a sitar on the track "Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)" on the album. Sitar sounds, if only simulated with an electric guitar, and other Indian instruments, as well as Indian-sounding melodies subsequently became a fad.

1966: The multimedia style prevails [edit | Edit source]

The first head shop, The Psychedelic Shop, opened in Haight-Ashbury on January 3rd. In addition to science fiction literature, the business sold books by Hermann Hesse (e.g. The steppe wolf and Siddhartha), Aldous Huxley, Timothy Leary, Alan Watts, as well as books on Far Eastern religions and occultism. There were also products from the burgeoning underground culture such as comics, magazines, art and smoking accessories on offer. The Psychedelic Shop became a central point of contact for the scene. Towards the end of January 1966, the three-day Trips Festival took place in Longshorement's Hall in San Francisco. The Grateful Dead performed, famous for their wild improvisations and excessive guitar solos during their live performances. Another part of the festival was the eighth acid test. Due to its length, the scope of the performances and the number of visitors, the multimedia festival was considered an important event of the psychedelic movement in California.

Chet Helms, a loose member of the activist group The Family Dog, founded the Family Dog Productions agency in early February and organized a large number of concerts in the San Francisco area under the trademark until 1970. In the same month The Yardbirds released the single "Shapes Of Things". When recording the piece, guitarist Jeff Beck imitated the sound of a sitar with an electric guitar and a fuzz box. The Byrds recorded a second version of "Eight Miles High," which was released in March. What was remarkable about this piece was the hectic, John Coltrane-influenced, modal guitar playing.

The artist Andy Warhol held on April 8 under the name Exploding Plastic Inevitable a series of shows in the East Village neighborhood of New York. The band The Velvet Underground performed. The band members were dressed completely in black and wore dark sunglasses so as not to be dazzled by the light show. On May 1, the show had a three-day stint in San Francisco. The light show consisted of a mirror ball which was illuminated by spots with color filters. Static Warhol films like Sleep and Empire State Buildingwhile the Velvet Underground sang about sadomasochism and heroin addiction. A dancer performed a performance with a whip. Charles Perry commented on that Exploding Plastic Inevitable in San Francisco with the words:

“Well, that's what happened in New York: heroin, perversion, arrogance, stasis. Nothing groundbreaking, except the realization that San Francisco might not be that provincial after all. The psychedelic audience went home relieved of the burden of keeping track of possible events that were happening elsewhere. "
- Charles Perry

The rejection was mutual, because the singer and guitarist of the Velvet Underground was no less cautious:

“We had a very clear opinion of the San Francisco scene. She was boring, a lie, and untalented. You know, people like Jefferson Airplane, Grateful Dead were just the most untalented bores there has ever been. "
- Lou Reed

On May 16, the Rolling Stones released the track "Paint It, Black" which contained psychedelic elements. Just a few days later, the Beach Boys released the important albumPet sounds. In addition to the instruments commonly used in rock music until then, Brian Wilson used a theremin, as well as harpsichords, flutes and church organs as additional instrumentation. Noises such as bicycle bells, recordings of passing trains and barking dogs also flowed into the album. For the Beach Boys it was a departure from their previous compositional technique, which was based on the simpler structures of rock'n'roll. The album Pet sounds was much more complex in the arrangements, as well as in relation to the compositions. It reached number 2 in the UK charts and 10 in the US as the highest position.

The band The Electric Prunes released the single "I Had Too Much to Dream (Last Night)" in September 1966, which reached number 11 on the American Billboard Carts and number 49 in the UK. The band used effects like reverb, fuzzbox, delay and backward running guitar solos during the recording, which gave the piece a dreamlike, strange atmosphere.

A fundraising event for the Free School in Notting Hill took place at All Saints Hall in London on October 14th. The Americans Joel and Tony Brown from Timothy Leary's Millbrook Center put on a light show, as was usual in the USA, while the band Pink Floyd played on the stage. With its bright colors and curved lines, the poster for the event also showed clear parallels to developments in the Bay Area. Pink Floyd were an unknown group at the time, but were already a key player in a growing underground psychedelic culture in Great Britain. The Beatles released the album on August 5th revolver. It contained several psychedelic pieces, of which "Tomorrow Never Knows" was the most extraordinary. The composer John Lennon quoted the Tibetan Book of the Dead in the text using Timothy Learys The Psychedelic Experience as a source. A variety of effects and studio tricks were used during recording. So loops were used, which went back to an idea by Paul McCartney. He began to experiment with tapes after he had heard the electronic composition Gesang der Jünglinge im Feuerofen von Stockhausen. Lennon's singing was electronically altered to sound, as he put it, as if he were the Dalai Lama sitting singing on a mountain top.

In the fall of the year the first two albums were released with the word Psychedelic in the title: The Psychedelic Sounds of The 13th Floor Elevators from the 13th Floor Elevators and Psychedelic moods by The Deep. The album followed a little later Psychedelic lollipop from the Blues Magoos.

1967–1969: zenith and descent Edit source]

In the years 1967 to 1968 many more bands should follow the trend and psychedelic rock reached its peak. At the same time, the Summer Of Love of the hippie movement in California made headlines and the commercial version of psychedelic rock, enriched with folk and pop artists, was marketed as flower power. This term was largely shaped by the positive hippie image of "Love, Peace & Happiness" and was thematically free from drugs. That year The Grateful Dead, The Velvet Underground and The Jimi Hendrix Experience each released their first album. In the UK it was The Beatles with their album Sgt.Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band as well as Pink Floyd with The Piper at the Gates of Dawn who set further standards in this genre.

The wave would last until 1968, when fashion slowly ebbed away in 1969. Many bands broke up or turned to simple rock or pop. Some bands and musicians composed ever longer pieces and increasingly understood psychedelic rock as an art form. A smooth transition to progressive rock took place here.

Style [edit | Edit source]

Sound characteristics Edit source]

A fundamental prerequisite for the creation of this music was the work of Joe Meek, who revolutionized recording technology in the studio. On this basis, the musicians of a band could record separately and at different times. Another important preparatory work was done by the producer Phil Spector. However, technical innovations such as the wah-wah pedal, the fuzz box and effects devices also played a major role. Feedback, phasing and echo effects were also characteristic. Tricks were also often used with the recording tapes: The insertion of backward-running guitars or parts of the whole piece, repetitions by creating loops or manipulation of the speed of the recording tape were among the frequently used effects.

Many of the first bands were musically oriented towards rhythm & blues as well as American folk music. The US was under the influence of the British invasion at the time. So you can also see an influence of beat music on psychedelic rock. During the live performances of the bands, under the influence of drugs, there were sometimes long improvisations and wild experiments. For the time being, this hardly came into play in studio recordings. However, mainly due to the influence of the Beatles and the Beach Boys, the pieces became more and more complex. The focus was on tinkering with sound and compositions that, with an expanded set of instruments, broke with the simple structures and some traditions of rock'n'roll. The language could vary, however. In Great Britain the music was more poppy than in the USA, where the musicians orientated themselves more clearly to their musical roots. Even within the USA there were differences between the artistically ambitious and cool-looking bands on the east coast and the bands on the west coast, which were shaped by mysticism and hippie ideals.

When the first recordings of longer music titles appeared, there was also more freedom for experimentation. In the case of recordings that exceeded the radio format of three to four minutes at most, there were concerns about acceptance in the media and with the audience. The positive response to the first longer titles from the Rolling Stones, The Doors or The Beatles broke this barrier. Musicians who had previously only sparsely used their experiments as a surprising element suddenly got a framework in which to live out their ideas.

The texts [edit | Edit source]

The Far Eastern religions and the related topics of expanding consciousness had a great influence on the texts. Everything got a surreal and esoteric touch. There was also a direct influence from the literature of the beatniks and science fiction and fantasy literature. Experiences from the consumption of drugs also flowed into the texts. In the underground scene, many bands also dealt with the nightmarish bad trip, thus the rather negative experiences with drugs. The topic was picked up in the media and many bands were accused of glorifying drugs. The single "Eight Miles High" by the Byrds, for example, landed on the index in the USA for glorifying drugs and was boycotted by radio stations. However, the text only describes the first flight of the guitarist Gene Clark to London. The Beatles' track "Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds" was also said to be drug-heavy, which the band always denied. That the lyrics of "She Said, She Said" are about experiences in a drug intoxication, again the Beatles told, only nobody had suspected this before.

Meaning and influence of music Edit source]

Similar to rock'n'roll, psychedelic rock changed the music world far-reaching. Things became a matter of course that were previously considered risky, frowned upon or even impossible. String instruments or wind instruments were used that were previously only used in styles that were not assigned to rock. Exotic instruments such as the sitar, tablas and the mellotron and the first synthesizers were also used.

In addition to the instruments, direct influences from other styles of rock music could also gain a foothold. In addition to jazz and folk, they also opened up to classical music. There was a tendency to view an album as a thematically closed work (concept album). In the underground these new tendencies led to the formation of the first "rock avant-garde". These included bands like The Velvet Underground, The Fugs, The United States Of America, The Red Crayola.

Accompanying phenomena such as the psychedelic poster and the light show are now indispensable and indispensable components of rock music in the form of elaborately designed concert posters and more or less sophisticated stage lighting.

Influence on other styles Edit source]

Psychedelic rock influenced numerous other styles, including:

  • Post-punk areas from the late 1970s. Next to the albumStrawberries from The Damned or Wires album 154 there weren't just punk bands related to psychedelic rock. Bands that were assigned to Gothic within the Dark Wave movement also used elements of Psychedelic Rock for their own purposes. Often it consisted of creating a monotonous carpet of sound in the background, as in "She’s In Parties" by Bauhaus. Others set much more points of reference such as Tuxedomoon in the song "Desire". A direct reference can be found with the band Psychic TV, whose front man founded Thee Temple ov Psychick Youth in parallel to the many cults of the 1960s in the USA. Other examples: XTC, Siouxsie and The Banshees, The Cure, Cocteau Twins, Paul Roland.
  • It is not clear to what extent psychedelic rock has an influence on dub reggae. It essentially seems that dub reggae developed out of itself. However, one can notice a strong psychedelic character in the music.

Neo-psychedelia Edit source]

Towards the end of the 1970s, the punk movement saw a revival known as neo-psychedelic or neo-psychedelia. In addition to precursors such as Chrome, there were Rain Parade from Los Angeles, True West from San Francisco, Swell Maps from Leamington Spa / Birmingham, The Teardrop Explodes from Liverpool or Cleaners From Venus from Essex, The Church from Australia, The Soft Boys from Cambridge, The Dream Syndicate from Los Angeles the better known representatives. The trigger for the revival was the republication of old recordings from the 1960s on compilations, such as the Nuggets compilation by Lenny Kaye or the Pebbles series, and the associated garage rock revival, in which there was a lot of overlap with psychedelic rock.

In the 1980s, the neo-psychedelic revival grew with countless bands, most of which were largely ignored by the great rock world in the underground. Some of the more famous ones included Plasticland from Milwaukee, Plan 9 from Rhode Island, Three O'Clock from Los Angeles, Viv Akauldren from Detroit, The Fuzztones from New York, The Flaming Lips, No Strange, The Bevis Frond from London, The Jesus and Mary Chain, Spaceman 3 from Birmingham, Vegetable Men and Spiritualized. The 39 Clocks, which were founded in the course of the punk movement, the castrated philosophers, The Multicolored Shades and Dizzy Satellites from Berlin are among the most important German neo-psychedelic bands.

Supplementary considerations Edit source]

The rock music of the late 1960s is closely linked to other cultural phenomena and can be understood as part of a comprehensive movement known as the "Psychedelic Revolution". There were direct relationships between musicians, writers, filmmakers and actors who influenced each other. The public appearance of the scene in the USA was clearly marked by countless swamis, gurus, sects and cults.

The dark side of these cults find their counterpart in the Aleister Crowley-inspired Satanists such as the Church Of Satan or the Process Church of the Final Judgment, which settled in 1967 in the Haight Ashbury district of San Francisco, with which Charles Manson was in contact. Through Bobby Beausoleil, who was a member of the Manson family, there are direct links to Kenneth Anger, whose underground films in turn have inspired musicians such as The Rolling Stones.

The sometimes excessive drug consumption ultimately led to the death of some artists and left behind mentally disturbed personalities. This and the general increase in violence, culminating in the murders of the Manson family, were the main causes of the decline of the hippie movement and the counterculture of the psychedelic era.

Bands [edit | Edit source]

13th Floor Elevators, the • Almendra • Beatles, the • Blues Magoos, the • Byrds, the • Chrome • Color Haze • Country Joe and the Fish • Dead Meadow • Death in Vegas • Doors, the • Fuzzy Duck • Grateful Dead • Iron Butterfly • Jefferson Airplane • Kaleidoscope • Missing Man Formation • Moby Grape • Nirvana • No Strange • Peppermint Rainbow, the • Pink Floyd • Psychedelic Furs, the • Quicksilver Messenger Service • Reagan Youth • Rhythm Devils • Rockfour • Space Debris • Sugarloaf • United States of America, the Vanilla Fudge West Coast Pop Art Experimental Band, the Zoot