Can gum cancer be cured

Gum and dental cancer: symptoms and early signs in the early stages

Oncological diseases are an important topic in dentistry. Many patients completely deny the presence of a dangerous pathology and do not go to the dentist, and especially not to the oncologist. But awareness can save a person's life. Detecting tooth cancer or gum tissue early and seeing a doctor early can give you permanent recovery from a deadly disease.

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Gum cancer

Gum cancer is a dangerous disease that is difficult to diagnose at an early stage. Often they confuse them with other diseases, prescribe the wrong treatment, which is not characteristic of oncology, and only aggravate the situation.

Causes of Gum Cancer

The causes of an oncological tumor in the mouth are:

  • bad habits: alcoholism, smoking, chewing tobacco, drug addiction;
  • Jaw injuries of varying severity;
  • Lack of oral hygiene;
  • Adentia not cured by prostheses;
  • Piercing
  • the presence of infections in the body in a vegetative state;
  • weak immunity;
  • inferior prostheses or their improper installation;
  • Tooth decay, periodontal disease, pulpitis and other inflammatory processes in the mouth;
  • chemical or thermal burns of the oral mucosa;
  • medical errors in the extraction (removal) of the tooth.
Oncological diseases are most commonly diagnosed in people over the age of 45. In addition, men are more likely to have oral cancer than women. This is due to the fact that many early retirement men are careless about oral hygiene, smoke a lot, and abuse alcohol.

Symptoms and early signs of gum cancer

In the early stages of gum cancer, a small swelling forms near the teeth, from which blood oozes out when pressed. The tumor grows to a diameter of 2 to 2.5 cm. The first small ulcers form near or directly in the tumor, and the gums continue to bleed. Most of the time, the cancer is mistaken for gingivitis or stomatitis at this point and therefore no medical help is sought.

Over time, the seal spreads to the closest areas of the gums and the inside of the cheeks. White spots are formed on the seal, local pain of an impulsive nature appears, the lymph nodes often increase, and the temperature rises to 38–39 ° C. It becomes difficult for the patient to speak and swallow, the first signs of it appear Disorder in the salivary glands, which often makes the patient feel dry in the mouth.

The seal turns red and increases to 4 cm. At this stage of the disease, the doctor can easily make a mistake and remove the tooth located in the affected area, but the extraction will only cause the tumor to progress.

With the advancement of the pathology, a sharp loss of weight is observed. The patient feels a constant weakness and breakdown. Due to the growth of the tumor, a sore throat may develop that neither antibiotics nor anti-inflammatory drugs can cope with.

At the appearance of the first signs of gum cancer, an oncologist or dentist should be consulted without waiting for the appearance of clear symptoms of the pathology. There is no need to be afraid of the diagnosis, because in the early stages oncological diseases are really treated.

Diagnostic methods

Cancer diagnosis is carried out by a dentist and oncologist. Usually, the diagnosis includes the following measures:

  • Anamnesis by questioning the patient;
  • histological analysis for the detection of cancer cells;
  • Fluorescence analysis of the gingival mucosa;
  • X-ray and MRI of the jaw;
  • Tissue biopsy to determine the type of tumor;
  • Radioisotope analysis;
  • PET - positron emission tomography.

In addition to local diagnostics, additional studies are often carried out to determine the presence of metastases in other organs and tissues. For this purpose, x-rays of the lungs, ultrasound scans of the abdominal cavity, and CT of the brain are done. The earlier a cancerous tumor is discovered in the gums, the greater the patient's chances of a full recovery.

What does gum cancer look like in the early stages?

Photo: This is the early stages of gum cancer

Photo: symptoms of the fourth stage of gum cancer

Cancer treatment

The treatment for cancer is:

  • Radical surgical removal of pathological cells.
  • Radiation therapy - exposure to tumor tissue with highly active radiation.
  • Chemotherapy - cytostatic destruction of cancer with special drugs. The method of therapy is used in cases where surgical operation is not impossible.

Oncological treatment takes place in several stages. A combination of different treatment methods is usually used to achieve the best effect.

Treatment of gum cancer is carried out in a hospital after diagnosis by medical staff. Taking medication without a prescription is unacceptable and can be fatal.

Folk therapy

Traditional medicine does not cure cancer. Some home remedies can stop the symptoms of the disease or slow cancer cells from dividing, but will not be able to completely defeat the disease. Many patients simply lose time trying to heal herbal infusions. The tumor continues to grow and affect healthy cells and body tissue.

Dental cancer

Few people know that there really is such a thing as dental cancer in oncology. This is a rare disease that affects dentin, enamel, and other tooth tissues and, like other oncological diseases, results in death. In milk teeth, the disease practically does not occur.

Tumor classification

The following types of dental cancer are known:

  • Adamantinoma - a tumor of the enamel cells, divided into massive and cystic ameloblastoma;
  • odontogenic fibroma - a cancer of the lower jaw;
  • Cementoma - a tumor of the premolars of the lower jaw;
  • Odontoma - hard amelobastofibroma that forms in the jaw and soft amelobastofibroma that forms in the periodontal and enamel tissues.

Symptoms and photos of dental cancer

The symptoms of a tumor in the tooth at the initial stage are eliminated. Indirect marker signs of the disease are:

  • frequent trauma to the jaw and the presence of fistulas on the gums;
  • Fallacy;
  • Difficulty swallowing;
  • Loosening of molars and premolars;
  • Bleeding gums;
  • constant aching pain;
  • A grinding that occurs when pressure is placed on a tooth.

This is what an odontoma looks like on an X-ray

It looks like cement on the x-ray

Disease treatment

Treatment for a tumor includes surgical removal of the tooth and resection of the jaw (if necessary). In parallel, chemotherapy or radiation therapy is carried out. To avoid relapse of the pathology, it is necessary to conduct dental examinations and avoid injuries to the soft tissues of the oral cavity.

Malignant neoplasms on teeth and gums can only be cured if diagnosed in good time. You should not delay going to the doctor until stage 4 of the disease, when all methods of treatment become unusable.