How schools teach the NIOS curriculum

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Lesson sequencesCompetencies to be developed (content-related, concretized) competenciesProject-related agreements / examples, media, materials History of EDP
  • From the abacus to the mechanical calculator to the electronic calculator
  • Examples of calculating machines
Motivation:
Visit to a computer museum (e.g. Heinz-Nixdorf-Museum, Paderborn)How are data and programs stored in the computer?
  • Number representation in the computer: binary and hexadecimal system
  • Addition and multiplication in the binary system
  • Coding in ASCII code
  • Computer architectures (von Neumann, Harvard)
  • Universal computer
  • EVA principle
The students
  • encode and decode data using a predefined procedure or as part of an application (IF1, MI)
The lessons build on the following competencies from years 7/8:
  • explain how data is encoded in a suitable way so that it can be processed with the computer (IF1, A),
  • give examples for the coding of data (binary code, ASCII) and describe different forms of representation of data (in natural language, formal language, graphical) (IF1, DI),
  • describe the principle of input, processing and output (EVA principle) as a fundamental principle of data processing and assign various components of an IT system to it (IF4, DI),
  • explain the basic principles of a von Neumann computer (IF4, A).
Software layers
  • Firmware (BIOS, UEFI)
  • Operating systems
  • User software
  • Tasks of firmware, operating systems and user software
The students
  • explain different functions and tasks of operating systems and application programs (IF4, A),
  • use the operating system and application programs in a targeted manner (IF4, A),
  • choose suitable tools to solve given problems (IF4, A).
hardware
  • Construction of a modern personal computer
  • Parameters of the hardware components
The students
  • explain various parameters of hardware components (IF4, A),
  • evaluate IT systems based on their parameters with regard to their suitability for fulfilling specified requirements (IF4, A),
  • name ecological problems that arise from the production, use and disposal of electronic systems. (IF5, DI).
The lessons build on the following competencies from years 7/8:
  • name different types of storage media and storage locations and explain differences (IF4, DI).

Note:
It makes sense to have a disused computer that can be dismantled into its components and reassembled.

Learning objective control: Assignment of example processes to the software categories firmware, operating system, user software