What are the fastest growing flowers

Fast growing plants: these are the record holders

Nature continues to surprise us: some plants grow so fast that they can reach enormous heights and widths within a year. Due to their rapid growth, a few of these specimens are even in the "Guinness Book of Records". Whether trees, grasses or flowering bushes: Here you will find an overview of particularly fast-growing plants.

Fast growing plants: the record holders
  • bamboo
  • Leyland cypress
  • Bluebell tree
  • Giant sequoia
  • Giant kelp
  • Duckweed
  • Black elder
  • Scots pine

Fastest growth in length: record holder bamboo

One of the front runners among the fast growing plants is clearly the bamboo. If the imposing giant grass feels comfortable in its location, it can grow up to 91 centimeters per day, depending on the species. The representatives of the giant bamboo genus (Gigantochloa) are particularly impressive with their enormous growth in length. The largest tropical species can grow up to 40 meters in height. Bamboo species 20 to 30 meters high have also been spotted in Europe and the USA. A particularly fast growing species is the sea green flat tube bamboo (Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens). With us it can reach heights of up to ten meters - within one season! So if you want to plant a fast growing bamboo in your garden, you should definitely think about a rhizome barrier. Because the rhizomes can also spread very strongly underground.

If you are looking for a particularly fast-growing hedge plant for a large garden, the Leyland cypress (Cupressus x leylandii) is the right choice. Not only is it the fastest growing conifer of them all, but also one of the fastest growing evergreens. Trees pulled from cuttings can reach a height of 15 meters in 16 years, even in locations with few nutrients. The hybrids thus form an excellent green privacy screen - provided you have enough space.

Plants with the fastest wood growth

The bluebell tree (Paulownia tomentosa), which originally comes from China, is one of the fastest growing flowering trees. The impressive tree owes its name to the blue-violet flower bells that open on long panicles from the end of April to the end of May. Especially at a young age, its wood growth is enormous: within the first year the bluebell tree can grow up to six meters - in three weeks even a length growth of 30 centimeters was measured. His tribe is also growing rapidly in size. Here Paulownia tomentosa thrives best on well-drained, moderately dry to fresh soils in a mild wine-growing climate. There the deciduous wood can take up between 12 and 15 meters both in height and in width. The fast-growing wood is easy to work with, but is also very hard and durable at the same time. It is therefore often used for the interior design of houses.

A record holder that is native to the northwestern United States is the giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum). It impresses not only with its height, but above all with its strong growth in width. The "General Sherman Tree" in the Californian Sequoia National Park is probably the most voluminous tree in the world with a height of almost 84 meters and a trunk diameter of over eight meters. With us the sequoia is not quite as fast-growing, but you should not underestimate its space requirements when planting.

Fast growing plants in the water

There are also plants in the water that stand out because of their enormous growth. According to the "Guinness Book of Records", the giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) can gain up to 34 centimeters per day. Overall, the brown alga, which occurs mainly on the Pacific coast of North America, reaches a length of up to 45 meters. In the garden pond at home, duckweed (Lemna) show a strong urge to spread. Especially in nutrient-rich ponds, their mass can double within a few days, so that the floating plants can spread over the entire surface in a short time. Since they are a popular duck feed, they are also called duckweed.

Among our native trees there are also some specimens that shoot up and down within a short period of time. Among the flowering shrubs, the black elder (Sambucus nigra) is a real growth miracle. Within a year it can grow 60 to 80 centimeters in height and 40 to 50 centimeters in width. Among the native conifers, the Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), also called Scots, is particularly vigorous. It is characterized by annual growth of 40 to 50 centimeters. Overall, it can reach a height of between 10 and 30 meters. It feels particularly comfortable on well-drained, dry and acidic soils.