What are the national languages ​​of India

Language and languages ​​in India

Hindi, along with English, is the most widely spoken language in most of India. It is derived from Sanskrit and is written in the Devanagari script. For example, the word "Hindi" looks like this in this script:

हिन्दी

Below you will find a small compilation of Hindi numbers, important phrases and idioms for everyday vacation life, as well as the most important questions, question words and directions. Even a minimal knowledge of the language is sufficient and many previously closed doors will be opened for you on your trip to India.

Indian numbers

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Important phrases and phrases in Hindi

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Question words in Hindi

Important questions in Hindi

Important directions in Hindi

Languages ​​& Scripts in India

In India there are well over 100 languages ​​from different language families and over 500 dialects. The majority of all languages ​​in India belong to either the Indo-European or Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Tibetan-Burman or Austro-Asian language families. In addition to the official languages ​​Hindi and English, the Indian constitution also recognizes the following languages, such as Asamiya, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Marathi, Meitei, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi and many more.

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Dialects and unknown languages ​​in India

In addition to the recognized constitutional languages, Hindustani, predecessors of today's Hindi and Urdu, or regional dialects such as Rajasthani and Bihari are still widespread in northern India. It is also believed that to this day languages ​​in India are spoken by some indigenous sections of the population that have never been recorded or studied to date. Therefore it is hardly possible so far to determine the exact number of languages ​​in India.

India's writing systems

Most of the languages ​​use different writing systems. Hindi, Nepali, Marathi and Sanskrit, for example, use the Devanagari script. Malayalam, Telugu, Punjabi, Gujarati and Tamil, on the other hand, all have their own script. In Urdu, on the other hand, a modified form of the Arabic script is used, similar to that in Kashmiri or Sindhi. These can e.g. But sometimes also use the Devanagari system.

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