How cold is too cold for puppies

Are dogs freezing?

Are you often too warm while other people in the same environment are still cold? It is as different with dogs as it is with us humans. There are dogs that freeze very quickly. Other four-legged friends don't mind the cold at all.

Perhaps your dog is one of those specimens that are sensitive to the cold. Then there are various ways to make him cozy and warm.

When do dogs freeze?

Even dogs within the same breed freeze at very different rates. One dog already shakes in slightly positive temperatures in autumn. The next one jumps around at -10 degrees.

There are several reasons for that. For one thing, of course, it comes up your dog's fur at. Dogs with short, thin fur and bare bellies tend to freeze faster. Their long-haired conspecifics are not that sensitive.

The Dog breed of course also a role. A husky is naturally much better equipped to cope with cold temperatures than a greyhound.

The Size of your animal plays another role. A small dog cools down in a significantly shorter time. A large dog takes longer to do this. If your dog has short legs, his body is closer to the cold ground. That way he freezes faster.

Does your dog have a little extra ribs? Then he probably won't freeze as easily as a very thin dog. Because the Body fat percentage is also crucial.

The following dogs generally freeze faster than others on average:

  • Puppies
  • Older dogs
  • Small dogs
  • Sick dogs
  • Dogs that are not used to the cold

Does your dog spend most of its time indoors in front of the warm heater? Then he's more likely to freeze outside than a kennel dog. If your dog is outdoors most of the time, he will be less sensitive to low temperatures. He's better used to it.

It also depends on how active your dog is. If he walks slowly alongside you on a winter walk, he will quickly get cold. Because he hardly moves.

Some dogs are less agile due to illness. For example with joint problems. Does your dog run and play a lot outside? Then it doesn't cool down so quickly.

Can my dog ​​sleep outside in winter?

We would generally advise against your dog in winter sleep outside in the kennel to let. Because dogs can freeze to death in winter. During sleep, the body temperature drops because the dog hardly moves. This increases the risk of frostbite, hypothermia and death by cold.

If you cannot avoid kennel keeping in winter, it is imperative to adhere to the regulation on keeping dogs. The exact regulations can be found in the Animal Welfare Dog Ordinance (TierSchHuV) from 2013 and the Federal Law Gazette of 2001 (BGBl. I, p. 838)

This regulation provides, among other things, that every dog ​​must have a shelter available. This hut must be so insulated that every dog ​​can keep warm with your own body heat can. In addition, there must be a sufficient amount of water that is not frozen at all times.

How do I know when the dog is too cold?

Trembling is the most obvious sign that your dog is freezing. Perhaps your dog will pull in its tail at the same time. In doing so, he arches his back upwards.

If your dog suddenly runs very slowly, this is also a sign of freezing. As well as a strange attitude. Especially if he moves strangely.

What can I do about freezing?

If your dog tends to freeze, you need to come up with a solution. Often it is not enough that your dog just moves more. Before you buy a dog coat or winter jacket for your four-legged friend, you can try the following tip:

Shorten yours Gas laps in winter. To do this, go for a walk more often during the day.

So your dog is not exposed to the cold temperatures for too long at a time. It then cools down less. You can use the time of the short walks for ball games, during which your dog moves a lot.

What temperature is dangerous for dogs?

The risk of hypothermia increases once your dog is wet or unable to move for a long time. Then will low temperatures dangerous for dogs. The worst case scenario would be hypothermia and death.

How much your dog is at risk depends on numerous factors. Even if your dog has a thick winter coat with a thick undercoat, freezing temperatures on the nose, ears, paws, tip of the tail and testicles can occur in sub-zero temperatures.

Almost all dog breeds find temperatures below zero to be uncomfortable. From a temperature around freezing point, it can be life-threatening for especially small dogs.

Small and medium-sized dogs are at risk from minus 5 degrees. Temperatures of minus 10 ° C are dangerous for large dogs.

Winter clothes for dogs

There is a wide variety of winter clothing for your dog. When buying, you should pay attention to functionality and a good fit. To determine the correct size, follow the guidelines of the various manufacturers.

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For the perfectly fitting winter jacket, you should measure the length of the back of your four-legged friend. Do you know your dog's chest and neck circumference? Then you can choose the right piece of clothing even more precisely. Use the size charts to choose the right size for your dog.

This is what characterizes good winter clothing

A winter jacket or coat is practical for you. You can wash both in the washing machine. Your dog gets dirty quickly, especially in cold and wet weather. Especially in autumn and winter. It is also important that the coat is adequately lined. At the same time, it should be wind and water repellent.

Reflective elements on dog clothes are also useful. This is how you ensure more safety in the dark. Your favorite's dog coat should fit snugly. And it should not cut into the base of the tail, neck or chest.

Easy to put on is important

Make sure that you can easily put the garment on your dog. This is easiest with coats and jackets. You can simply put these on your dog's back.

You can then close the jacket on his stomach. Mostly with Velcro or with a snap fastener. In any case, you should be able to put the garment on your darling quickly and easily. This is stress-free for your four-legged friend and for you.

You can find a lot more information under "Dog coat: Warm dog jacket for the winter". A bathrobe for dogs can also be helpful, especially in winter.

Do dogs freeze while sleeping at night?

Like us humans, your dog can get cold at night. Therefore, in the cold season it is recommended to have one warm blanket in the basket to lay.

However, you don't necessarily have to cover your dog. Dogs manage to snuggle up in the blanket themselves quite well.

The smaller the dog and the shorter the coat, the more likely it is to benefit from a blanket.

What is the ideal bedroom temperature for dogs?

The right bedroom temperature depends on how you feel, as does your dog.

Some dogs sleep on the floor all night at 16 degrees. Still other dogs crawl under the covers of their mistresses as soon as the temperature drops below 20 degrees. So there is no general answer.

In winter, however, three simple measures help to keep your dog comfortably warm:

  • Make sure the basket or dog bed does not get a draft.
  • Also put a warm blanket in the dog bed.
  • A slightly raised sleeping area protects against the cold of the floor. A bed a few centimeters from the floor is particularly suitable for young, old, sick and small dogs. Of course, if you have underfloor heating, this does not apply.

If your dog is still too cold, you can provide additional warmth with special thermal blankets, warming pillows and warming beds. Heating pads can be heated electrically or in the microwave.

Thus you create a comfortable and safe sleeping environment, even in the coldest winter time. If your dog does not accept these offers and prefers to sleep on the floor, you know that he prefers it to be cooler.

At how many degrees do dogs freeze?

As described above, factors such as coat, body fat percentage, level of activity and health play an important role in determining when a dog is freezing. In principle, the following guide value can be applied:

  • large dogs over 25 kilograms: freeze when the temperature drops below 4 to 5 degrees Celsius
  • Medium-sized dogs, 10 to 24 kilograms: freeze when the thermometer shows less than 5 to 7 ° C
  • small dogs, up to 10 kilograms: freeze when the temperature is below 7 to 10 degrees

Temperatures between 0 and minus 7 degrees are uncomfortable for almost all dogs. Only a few dog breeds such as Eurasier or Husky are excluded. These are specially bred for the cold.

Freezing temperatures are particularly critical for small dog breeds such as Affenpinscher, Chihuahua or Miniature Spaniel.

Dogs with a body weight of more than 10 kilograms tolerate temperatures down to about minus 7 degrees better. Nevertheless, they can suffer damage to their health. As a rule, they don't like to go outside in the cold.

The perceived temperature is decisive. This is known as wind chill. This effect describes the wind-related difference between the measured air temperature and the perceived temperature.

Even a pleasant 24 ° C can be cold when you sit on the beach and blow a lot of wind in your face. And 4 ° C in winter can feel much colder in damp weather and strong winds than on a calm day with freezing temperatures.

How long can a dog stay in the car when it's cold?

You probably know that dogs are not allowed to stay alone in the car in summer. The risk of heat stroke is too great here.

The same applies to cold weather. Because cars can cool down a lot in winter. Depending on the weather, the internal temperature can quickly drop to a critical value that is unpleasant or hazardous to health for dogs.

If it is absolutely unavoidable, five minutes would be the absolute maximum. When the temperature is low, it can get very cold in the vehicle within this time.

Remember that passers-by can be made aware of a howling dog in a cold car. If a dog-friendly fellow human then reports you to the authorities, there is a risk of fines of up to 25,000 euros.

Of course, it is easier to park the car for a moment to jump into the bakery. But do you really want to risk the health of your four-legged friend?

Protect paws from moisture and road salt

Don't just protect your dog from the cold and wind in winter. Protection against aggressive road salt is just as important. To do this, you should briefly rinse his paws with water after every walk. This will wash off any salt residue.

This will prevent your fur nose's paws from drying out. And your dog will not be able to ingest the salt by licking it off.

Is it true that dogs don't have their paws cold?

It is really true that dogs' paws are not as cold as we would think.

Japanese researchers have found that dog paws have a sophisticated heat transfer system feature. With this, cold blood is warmed up again immediately.

In addition, there is a large amount of frost-resistant connective tissue and fat in the paws. This keeps dog paws warm in the cold. Nevertheless, toes and paws can get frostbite in extreme cold and prolonged exposure to the open air.

The fur between the toes is a particular problem here in winter. Snow, ice and road salt can get caught in it. And the resulting lumps of ice sometimes take a long time to thaw again.

This can lead to cold damage and frostbite on the paws. Because road salt lowers the freezing point of water to minus 10 degrees.

You can easily take precautions by shortening the fur on the paws accordingly.

You should also dry it off as soon as possible after a walk in winter. If your dog has gotten wet, he does not have the opportunity to freeze.

The body reacts to an outside temperature that is too low by freezing. The other extreme of the body's reaction is heat stroke, as a reaction to high temperatures.

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