Are mood swings normal in men?

Mood swings

Happiness, sadness, anger or euphoria - everyone knows these different moods. As a rule, they are based on what is happening in the immediate vicinity.

However, if the mood changes according to the same pattern over and over again, from one second to the other and our mood is completely independent of external events, then experts speak of mood swings. Are common stress and persistent stress, e.g. at work or family, to blame for it.

Another common cause of mood swings: the Hormones. Hormonal changes in the body, e.g. during the cycle, pregnancy or menopause, also lead to mood swings. Women are therefore particularly often affected by changing moods.

Persistent mood swings can also be caused by mental suffering like depression, Addictions or eating disorder to have. Those who consume drugs, alcohol or nicotine also frequently switch between tense, nervous and euphoric moods. Although rather seldom can also organic diseases Trigger mood swings. These include diseases of the thyroid gland, Parkinson's disease, tumors and dementias.

In principle, all highly stressful or traumatic events can cause those affected to lose their emotional balance: for example, the death of a close relative, sexual abuse, existential worries or conflicts can result in mood swings.

Mood swings: pregnancy

With probably every pregnant woman the feelings go on a roller coaster. For the most part, this contrasting bath is hormonal. Mood swings have a particular impact on early pregnancy. The body first adjusts itself to the pregnancy and converts the hormonal balance for this.

Many expectant mothers therefore fluctuate between worrying about the baby, looking forward to the child, fear of the upcoming changes - and alternating between feelings of fear and happiness.

These mood swings in expectant mothers are normal and usually go away on their own in the last trimester of pregnancy.

Mood swings: pill

As a contraceptive, the pill intervenes in the woman's hormonal balance. Mood swings are a common side effect (affecting up to 10 in 100 women).

Especially at the beginning, when the body first has to adjust to the hormone dose, this may not only affect the mind of the user, but in the worst case it can lead to depression. Especially in the first six months of use, the risk is increased by up to 80 percent.

Mood swings: menopause

Even during menopause, the feeling can fluctuate a lot. Again, it's the hormones to blame. The ovaries gradually cease to function. And with it the production of estrogen. Because the hormone influences the release of the happiness hormone serotonin in the brain, estrogen is indirectly responsible for feelings of happiness in the female body. Because serotonin ensures a good mood and balance. The production of progesterone also dries up, a hormone that is also produced in the ovaries and has a calming effect on the body. Therefore, during menopause, the body can become unbalanced and cause mood swings.

However, some women also have to struggle psychologically with the visible change in their body, the end of their fertility and the start of a new phase of life. This stress can make your mood jump between relief, euphoria, fear, and sadness.

Mood swings: period

Especially in the days leading up to the days, many women experience periods of sudden bad mood and irritability. These moods can be part of premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Because from ovulation in the middle of the cycle, the proportions of the happiness hormones estrogen and serotonin in the body decrease and reach their lowest point shortly before the bleeding - and with them also the good mood.

If women feel uncomfortable during their period due to abdominal cramps or other period pain, this can depress their mood even after the bleeding has started.