Who is the famous hero in India

Significant Indian personalities

Rabindranath Tagore

Nobel laureate in literature Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) shaped the West-East encounter through his cultural work as a writer, painter, actor, scholar and lecture traveler. Born the 14th child of a wealthy Brahmin family in Calcutta, Tagore published his first poem at the age of 14. At 20 he wrote his first novel, which was followed by a wealth of literary products. In 1911 his father sent him to the country to take over the supervision of the family's lands. At this time, the townsperson Tagore immersed himself in the rural culture of Bengal and published numerous stories about the life of the villagers. At the same time, he kept coming back to Calcutta, where he joined the national movement and wrote several patriotic songs. He soon withdrew from active politics and went to Shantiniketan (Place of Peace), where he founded a school in 1901. Here he tried to implement the ideas of holistic education. Teachers and students lived and worked together, with the teacher not only providing knowledge, but also being the role model for the students. In addition to the traditional canon of subjects, the workload also included spirituality, singing, dance, theater and manual skills. Classes took place outdoors under the shade of a tree. The students, including his children, were encouraged not only to train their minds, but also to have good contact with the neighbors in the village and to understand rural life. The poet read from his works on numerous lecture tours and promoted his educational concept. The latter is based on the conviction that every child brings the message with them that God has not yet lost interest in people. Gitanjali, written between 1907 and 1910, gave Tagore his greatest literary success. In 1913, he was the first Asian to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature for an English prose translation he wrote specifically for this purpose. A sensation that made the writer known worldwide. Numerous invitations took him to Europe and America, where he was soon valued as an east-west bridge builder. Tagore is the most famous Indian writer of the 20th century. He wrote the text of the Indian national anthem.

Mohendas Karamchand Gandhi

Mohendas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948), better known under the name Mahatma (Great Soul) - as Tagore called him - is the key figure in the Indian struggle for freedom and "father of the nation". His birthday, October 2nd, is a national holiday of India. He was born in Gujarat in 1869 into a family of traders, enjoyed a good education and completed his law degree in England. In 1891 he returned to India and established himself as a lawyer with modest success. In 1893 he went to South Africa, where he lived a total of 20 years. The humiliation and discrimination that he and his compatriots experienced in South Africa shaped his political thinking. He has worked both as a lawyer and as a political activist against racism. In this context he developed the concept of Satyagraha, unconditional adherence to the truth paired with non-violent resistance (ahimsa) against the authorities. Gandhi was soon seen as the leader of the Indian minority in South Africa. In 1915 he returned to his home country, whose political fortunes he closely followed from afar. He wrote his political manifesto "Hind Swaraj" (free self-government), in which he called for non-violent resistance against the British colonial power, while he was still in South Africa.

On his return to India, Gandhi was already known for his political and civil rights engagement. It was not long before he became the leader of the Indian freedom movement. His method of violent resistance had already been tried and tested in South Africa and also proved itself in India. Gandhi called for non-cooperation with the British, for various boycott measures and civil disobedience, with which he aimed at the free self-determination of India. He wanted to make the simple, rural, self-sufficient, ethically responsible and spiritual life in his ashram a model for a free India that was also economically independent from Great Britain. One of his most famous initiatives is the 388 km salt march from Ahmedabad to Dandi in Gujarat. Gandhi was protesting against the taxes the British levied on salt. At the same time, Indians were forbidden to make and sell salt. When people started mining salt without paying the taxes, 60,000 people were arrested, including Gandhi and most of the members of Congress. There was a lot of media coverage around the world in favor of the Indian struggle for freedom. In February 1931, the colonial administration gave in and allowed salt production for personal use. Gandhi proclaimed fasting to the death several times and was ready to go to prison for the peaceful resistance against the British Empire. He spent a total of eight years behind bars.

None of the important negotiations on the road to Indian independence went without Gandhi, whom Winston Churchill called a "half-naked rebellious fakir" in London in 1931. In addition to India's independence, Gandhi devoted himself in particular to peace among religions and called for mutual respect. On June 3, 1947, the British Prime Minister proclaimed the independence and at the same time the division of India into two states: the predominantly Hindu India and the predominantly Muslim Pakistan. Gandhi was convinced that religion was not a reason for state separation. "Freedom at midnight" - these symbolic words stand for August 15, 1947, when India celebrates independence. On January 30, 1948 - six months after the independence celebrations - Gandhi was shot by a fundamentalist Hindu who disagreed with Gandhi's attitude of religious tolerance. Jahaharlal Nehru (1889-1964), India's first prime minister after independence, said at the funeral for his longtime companion and friend: "The light has gone from our lives and darkness reigns everywhere. I don't know how to express it . Our beloved leader ... is no more. We will never again seek advice or solace from him, and that is a terrible blow, not just for me, but for millions and millions in this country. "

Ratan Tata

Ratan Tata, Chairman of the Tata Group, stands with the development of the nanos, the cheapest car in the world, for the ambitious implementation of entrepreneurial visions that make the impossible possible, and for Indian innovation. In 2003, Tata announced that it would produce a small car for the price of a motorcycle and thus give the lower middle class the opportunity to be on the move on four wheels. In the future, this target group should be able to be mobile with more security and convenience on favorable terms and thus achieve an improvement in their quality of life. The declared price of the small car: 1 lakh (100,000 Rs; less than 2000 euros).

The announcement was a sensation. It was eagerly awaited what you get for this price. Engineers mainly from the in-house pool of excellence were recruited for this project. In 2006, after developing several prototypes, Tata announced that the new small car would be produced in Singur / West Bengal. This structurally weak area should profit economically from the construction of a manufacturing plant and the settlement of various suppliers in the region. The construction of the plant began and from 2007 onwards more and more political disputes led to protests, blockades and finally in August 2008 to massive threats to the workers. After security could no longer be guaranteed, all work in Singur came to a standstill on 23 August. On October 3rd, Ratan Tata announced that the construction of the production facility in Singur would not be continued, but that they would look for another location. Offers came from different states. The contract to set up the plant in Sanand / Gujarat was signed on October 7th. Everything that had already been set up in West Bengal was relocated there in a major logistical effort. The loss was immense: Several months behind schedule, millions lost, the employees who were recruited for Singur from all over India had to reorient themselves along with their families, the suppliers that had settled there lost their investments. Finally a team of developers who saw their product not being accepted. Despite all the bitter setbacks, Ratan Tata and his development team were able to present the cheapest car in the world on January 10, 2008 at the Delhi Auto Expo: the Nano.

37 patents and 31 new design applications characterize the engineering masterpiece that India's "Volkswagen" claims to be. From then on, the nano was the main attraction of the exhibition. Crowds thronged to catch a glimpse. And Ratan Tata replied when asked what the nano should cost: 1 Lahk (Rs 100,000). Because a promise is a promise. The response was euphoric. Time magazine wrote: "It could well be one of the most important cars ever designed. Even before it goes to sale, the car has become an important symbol of an emerging trend in the developing world, a new brand of innovation that makes more out of less and engineers clever but cheap fixes the problems that Western companies might throw expensive technology at. " For Newsweek, the Nano is a new 21st century philosophy of smaller, lighter, cheaper, which heralds a new age of personal mobility without compromising on quality, safety and comfort. Kamal Nath, the Indian Minister of Transport at the time, spoke of the fact that the nano was an expression of India's technical and entrepreneurial performance and that a wish for millions of Indians is being fulfilled - the switch from motorcycles to cars. Shrawan Garg, one of the most renowned publishing directors in India, said: "The Nano is more than a car. It signals change and changes Indian society significantly."

The first Nano was delivered in summer 2009. More than 200,000 buyers took part in a lottery that raffled off the first 100,000 owners of the Nano. Those who were lucky enough to create a sensation with the nano all over India. Families, friends, neighbors wanted to see the nano, motorists stopped and stopped the nano drivers because they wanted to look at the marvel. In 2010 the first nanos were delivered from the production plant in Sanand. Tata Motors is now working on developing a Nano for Europe, testing electric and hybrid variants and sees significant sales opportunities for the Nano in other emerging countries. Against skeptics and naysayers, the Nano emerged as an innovative car that, from the engineers' point of view, represents less of a "revolution" in the market than an "evolution": the creation of something completely new through unconventional thinking and action.

Tata Nano


Shah Rukh Khan

Shah Rukh Khan (born 1965 in New Delhi) is one of the most famous Indian actors with numerous fans around the globe. Initially he played the romantic lover and hero, then switched to the antihero and, after his roles as a villain, is increasingly seen in sophisticated characters on the big screen. Together with Kajol, Khan is the most successful and popular Indian film couple. With "Kuch Kuch Hota Hai", "Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham" and "My Name Is Khan" both were very successful internationally. Since March 2007 there is a wax figure of Khan in Madame Tussauds in London. Like other Bollywood stars, Khan is an important brand ambassador. He owns several of his own production companies and is a shareholder in a cricket club.

Interview with Shah Rukh Khan

Bollywood star Shah Rukh Khan in an interview with DW-TV:

gkind All side notes from Business culture India compact

gkind0 Updates, news and current information on the business culture of India

gkind1 IndiaContact-Special: Living and working in India

gkind2 investment location India

gkind3 The Indian company Tata

gkind4 corruption in India

gkind5 business women in India

gkind6 As a German businesswoman in India

gkind7 Religion in India Business

gkind8 Religion in India Business - The Right Behavior

gkind9 Dealing with hierarchies in Indian companies

gkind10 Instructive scene from the movie Outsourced

gkind11 Indian story

gkind13 Famous Places in India

gkind14 Art and Literature in India